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A closed meeting of members of a political party or faction. Opposition advocating free trade as an alternative, from such theorists as Adam Smith, David Hume and David Ricardo, as well as the Anti-Corn Law League, eventually led to their abolition, but unfortunately not before the laws’ exacerbating effects upon the Irish Famine. Even though conservative is defined as a traditionalist and is against change. Latin terms to describe a group of two / three / four people joined in authority or office. Examples would be the Dreyfus affair, the Scopes Monkey Trial and the American Roe v Wade Supreme Court case. However, just to make things complicated, the, For this brief time, now, Britain has no government. Minority government A government formed by a party which does not have an absolute majority in the House of Commons. This page is under construction. Country house retreat of the British Prime Minister. Would love your thoughts, please comment. When there are scandals in the news involving MPs, the people in the area they represent (the constituents) feel let down and betrayed. In SMV preferential systems where there are generally only two serious parties contesting (see Duverger’s Law), a D.C. may run, allegedly as an independent offering different policies to the two major, but in fact covertly appointed and financed by one of the major parties, with the intention of directing his/her preferences towards that party. With the advent of legislation limiting the amount an entity can donate to a political candidate,  political campaigns have to put more emphasis on the number of donors solicited rather than a limited number of wealthy donors who are often directly approached by the candidate him / her self. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Simple Subject and Predicate, Examples & Worksheets, 15 Ways to Say ‘You are Welcome’ in Spanish. Deputy Prime Minister: The assistant to the Prime Minister and the person who takes control in the absence of the Prime Minister. The strength and integrity of a constitution is often reflected by the difficulty it is to be changed. free market economic system abused to the degree where some business people have become successful due to their relationships with government. You have teams of people employed here, CampaignLeaders, Campaign Organisers, Campaign Strategists. A voted Member of Parliament REPRESENTS the people in their constituency. One person represents a Constituency in Parliament. The shortfall in any one year of a nation’s income as compared to its expenditure / the total unpaid accumulated debt of the government over time. A democratic vehicle for legislative or constitutional enactment which bypasses the legislature. We will try to tread through this minefield together to understand the keywords and phrases. A term used to compare the least votes a winning candidate may need in a preferential single member voting system compared with that of first- past-the-post systems of other countries where a “majority” may well be less than 50%. Considered by most to be a highly impractical form of government. Harold Wilson led a Labour minority government between February and October 1974. Fictional examples are Jack London’s The Iron Heel, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World  and George Orwell’s 1984. Aka the Age of Reason. In Australia candidates can be nominated by political parties or stand as independents. Choosing the right words and the right grammar can go a long way to removing some of the unpleasantness of the message we have to deliver. Where they exist, some examples would be a constitution upon which the supreme court could review the validity of laws or executive decisions, recall elections for politicians and / or judges, veto power over legislation held by the chief executive, and citizens’ initiated referenda. Prominent in the 60’s with college students and other counter-culture movements. In multi-member electorates, each voter having the same number of votes as the number of vacant seats (must tick off [say] three names). 5 positive answers. At the time, ‘bully’ had the positive meaning of superb or wonderful. All of them could say they were working, although her role is mainly symbolic), the, The Prime Minister of the UK David Cameron has, All very specific terminology and phrasing. Organic matter used as fuel, such as wood for heating and electricity generation. Not a law but a government rule or regulation. Legislative programs which aim to create minority equality in employment, university placements, housing  and other government beneficial situations even though, most of the time, outright discrimination against so called majorities is not ostensibly advocated. An informal, unarranged interview with a politician or other public figure, often undertaken when entering or exiting his/her home or place of business, by a single or group of reporters. A person who stands for election to political office. For many students studying Business English and practising their business email writing skills is an important part of their course. First I need to explain the word PARTY as it has 2 meanings. She now lives with her family in Western France. Fr. A BIG List of Prefixes and Suffixes and Their Meanings, 199 Phrases for Saying Thank You in Any Situation ✅. Derived from Interstate Highway 495 which circumnavigates Washington forming a “belt”. for beautiful epoch. A country that is economically or militarily dependent upon another, but not actually controlled politically by the patron state as in the case of a ‘puppet state’. A member of Parliament (government or opposition) who is not in a leadership role in their party but merely sits literally on the back bench. In such decisions, the selected candidates would get one quarter of a vote each, or half a vote, or where only one candidate received the vote, the whole vote. the American Electoral College to choose the President. Country house retreat of the American president. promise to pay all poor families more money. A state ruled by a caliph, who is considered to be the chief Islamic civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor in line from Muhammad. The CANDIDATE hopes to work for the CONSTITUENTS  in their CONSTITUENCY! We vote for them, they are given a salary from public taxes and we expect them to behave in a certain way. Aka  participatory democracy. A General Election is held once every 5 years to let the people choose who they want to govern them. Allegedly the amalgam of two George Orwell’s creations from his novel 1984, Doublethink and Newspeak. The local candidates and the Party Leaders have put forward their, resident in the UK or British National is entitled to vote, but in order to do so you need to be on the, The day arrives and local vilage halls or sometimes school rooms are turned into, votes are counted, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wakes up to. As exists in Switzerland and some states of the USA, if a petition for a certain proposition can raise a specific number of signatures, then the legislature is compelled to put it to the people at a referendum and then to enact it in law if passed. To court or curry favour for political or other advantage. Popular British 19th century working class movement advocating electoral reform. As compared to the free market, an economy which is mostly under the command of the government. It is a quest for realism, precision comprehensiveness, and detachment to obtain “neat and tidy” results to explain and generalize political phenomena. In Australia, it is a proposal ratified by the Governor General and at least one house of parliament, and then approved in a referendum by a 'double majority': a national majority of voters in the States and Territories; and a majority of voters in a majority of the States. The ‘cronies’ of politicians receive favouritism in legal permits, government grants, tax breaks, licences and other forms of state intervention. Sometimes includes a Bill of Rights. Jarring:Incongruous, doesn’t seem to fit, seems out of place. In the USA those who choose to vote must repeatedly enrol for every election. Minister: A person in government (ruling Party) who is in charge of a Department. Latin for “to the man”. Raving Loony Party, a Party that wore funny clothes and didn’t take themselves seriously. Temporary or permanent suspension of hostilities in war by mutual agreement. Junior Cabinet Minister: An assistant to  Cabinet Minister. Less-than-subtle political propaganda disseminated through the media and performing arts. Like how only dogs can hear the dog whistle, only the target political audience can comprehend the real meaning of the innocuous words spoken by the politician. She now lives with her family in Western France. A concept in American constitutional law to describe a situation where fundamental constitutional principles can be overlooked in exigent circumstances. Aka  andrarchy or phallocracy. Term derived by author O. Henry for a short story involving the fictional Republic of Anchuria. An office, place or high order which gives one the opportunity to propagate one’s views. To find out and publish on the internet private or identifying information about a public figure or organisation, such as their address. The American Vice President is, ex officio, the President of the Senate. Australian citizens of at least 18 yrs are allowed (and compelled) to enrol. We need a few more definitions before we move on. A situation in a country when a government agency, such as a branch of the armed forces, an intelligence agency, police, or a bureaucratic department, acts (conspiratorially or overtly) independently of civilian democratic leadership. Delegates are then freed from their commitment to support their original candidate, and so called “horse trading” is engaged in until one candidate can attain a majority and thus go on to become the party’s nominee. Landslide victory There was Party called the Monster Raving Loony Party, a Party that wore funny clothes and didn’t take themselves seriously, they won surprise elections and ended up in Parliament! NOT the Departments and the Civil Service. State within a state. A speech on a particular policy issue would be described as B. if it added nothing to what had been said many times before. To run something: To be in charge of something, leader, owner. Greek for gathering place or assembly. Ableism – Ableism is discrimination against people with disabilities. By dawn the next day all votes are counted, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wakes up to begin another 5 years of a democratically elected Government, here’s hoping it was the Party you wanted! Any major unauthorized edits will be reverted. Cabinet Minister: A person belonging to the cabinet. Every resident in the UK or British National is entitled to vote, but in order to do so you need to be on the ‘Electoral Register’. A popular candidate at an election having the ability to draw votes, not just for himself, but also for his fellow party candidates. In practice the name often given by governments to voters in normal elections, or to those who have been appointed to a certain level so as to vote their choice to a higher office. 18th century epoch of intellectual advancement where “humanity was brought into the light of reason out of the darkness of tradition and prejudice”. Both Green politics and religious socialism are not mutually exclusive with other left points of view. (The man CALLS it, the country HOLDS it!). Do not deviate from them! English philosopher of the 18th century and founder of Utilitarianism. Originally applying to non urban, pre-industrial revolution peoples with traditional, conservative attitudes, those who believe in the collective ownership and control of primary industries, and to a lesser extent secondary industries, for the benefit of all, but otherwise not that committed to other socialist beliefs such as progressive/liberal approaches to domestic or international social concerns. Practised in ancient Greece and (to some degree) in some cantons of Switzerland and the New England states of America. A carpet bag was a fashionable form of luggage of the time used by northern “Yankees”, political appointees or businessmen, who moved down to southern states during the American post-Civil War Reconstruction era taking advantage of the instability, power vacuum and fire sale prices of the property market. espionage, a third party intermediary for two spies / agents to communicate with each other. To abuse a position means you take more than is yours to take. Any one-off reading is informative when taking into account what each country’s unit of currency will buy in its own domestic market. Power can take many forms, from brute force to articulate persuasion. Belligerent diplomatic relations where at least one party is prepared to risk all and go to the brink of war/ economic ruin/ or whatever calamitous situation, to get what they want. Key Terms free in Post- basic political terminology pdf Colonial Theory. Spanish for neighbourhood or quarter. If you use improper or incorrect language and continuously make mistakes in your e-mail, not only might you fail to make yourself understood, you might also fail to make a good impression on the reader. The words used are so specific they cannot be changed without sounding ‘odd’ to a native Briton. The leverage a small party in the legislature possesses, in being able to give, or hold back, voting support to a large, albeit still minority party, to allow it to have a majority on a vote. However, they don’t have to say HOW they, would do this. For a non-national, even someone speaking at a high level of fluency, this is a minefield with no margin for error! Giga-fren. This includes all voted representatives in Parliament PLUS all the departments, and people in those departments, working for the government. The job of ‘campaigning’ is to try to persuade people to vote for you or your Party. The Queen gets the ball rolling when she DISSOLVES the current parliament (she doesn’t stop it, cease it, remove it or cancel it, she dissolves it!) The devotion to the interests of others (alter in Latin) above that of the self. It is up to the general public to assess, If they do say how they will do it and it sounds, plausible they are more likely to be voted for. Aka Charter of Rights or Declaration of Rights. fluent, it will sound strange and jarring. You vote for a local CANDIDATE. for “sanitary cordon”. A date is set and the campaigning begins. The United Kingdom, meanwhile, is divided into small regions. Opposition to the influence of religion in government and legislative affairs. For a non-national, even someone speaking at a high level of fluency, this is a minefield with no margin for error! In Australia there is no restriction on state governments doing such, but when the federal government takes property it must be done on “just terms”. One would be, metaphorical speaking, inside or outside the Beltway. Government: The organization of power within a society, specifically how power is divided and used. The voters name must be on the electoral roll before he/she can vote. ‘campaigning’ is to try to persuade people to vote for you or your Party. The day arrives and local vilage halls or sometimes school rooms are turned into POLLING STATIONS. Polling stations will all close at the same agreed time where upon teams of people begin the count. Start studying Basic Political Terminology. Lindsay Dinan is originally from the South West of England between Dartmoor and the sea.

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