There is a realism to the Psalms that will not be clouded by the sometimes excessively syrupy way that modern worship treats the psalms. Nietzsche is at last becoming fully post-platonic, post-metaphysical: he is asking us to live like creative artists, who pour themselves out into their oeuvre, the world they build. Such a make-believe God is a pious delusion, however helpful such a delusion may be in getting along in life. Further, in 1 John c.4 there is a classic analysis of 'God is Love' as in effect amounting to 'Love is God'. In this bleak modern vision of the human condition, can we say with Nietzsche, a great Yes to life? Hick, however, misunderstood Malcolm, mainly due to their misunderstanding of anti-realism. Don Cupitt's philosopy of religion is commonly described as 'non-realism', a term notoriously difficult to explain. There is no readymade Truth-out-there: human interpretation goes all the way down. The following list sketches some of Cupitt's chief supporting arguments: Realism practises religion dutifully for the sake of a heavenly payoff. Great theories, such as Newton’s laws, have been proved incorrect. The anti-realist views discussed below are factualist about discourse describing certain contentious domains. They’re just useful fictions that help us to get along in the world. Going still further, Nietzsche says 'There are no facts, only interpretations', and, 'The last truth is that there is no truth' - by which he means that in the end truth cannot be more than an ever-shifting human consensus that invokes a 'mobile army' of worn metaphors. Don Cupitt's work asks if there can be a viable and cheerful non-realist philosophy of religion. The etymological roots of the word are the Greek anti and theos.. Opposition to theism. The name of Spinoza’s most famous work is the Ethics, but he does not really broach the topic of ethics until part four of the five-part work. Yet, the Bible tells us only God exists in this way (Exodus 3:14; John 1:1–3; Colossians 1:16–17; Hebrews 1:3). Looking into history, there are many theories that sound absurd to modern scientists, such as the idea that heat is an invisible liquid called phlogiston. Can we get used to that idea? We are given only a chaos of raw sensations, which becomes an ordered world in and through our knowing it. Or will we have to be much more sober and gloomy, like Samuel Beckett? In fact, the Bible encourages us to seek the truth about life and about ourselves (1 John 1:5–10) and warns us not to be deceived (James 1:16; Deuteronomy 11:16). Non-realists simply accept that we are transient, and live hard. Following Kant, Cupitt speaks of God as a guiding Ideal, an imaginary focus of religious aspiration. The interesting question you raise is whether the atheist might not take such an attitude toward God. Can you be an anti-realist about some things and a realist about others? When you say that "God is the best explanation of the origin of the universe, life-tuning, and the existence of objective moral values," can an atheist take it in an anti-realist way? In a context where we … For the anti-realist God is real and God exists. Supernatural doctrines are life-guiding pictures. It explores instrumentalism and reductionism as possible anti‐realist strategies. Today, liberal democracy, the welfare state, the healing professions and our 'humanitarian' moral concern have created a world in which it is easy to see that we can and must live by the ethics of Jesus. Byrne presents a general argument for interpreting the intent of talk about God in a realist fashion and argues that judging the intent of theistic discourse should be the primary object of concern in the philosophy of religion. Both can be unreliable; illusions can fool our senses and illness or injury can disrupt our brains. As Socrates asked in the Euthyphro Dilemma: 1) is an act pleasing to the gods because it is good, or rather 2) is an act good because it is pleasing to the gods? This God is God with a capital 'G', and is much the same for traditional Jews, Christians and Muslims. Because it cannot expect any heavenly reward, it lives the good life, the life of love, for its own sake, and not for the sake of any postmortem payoff. To start with, a non-realist pointedly refrains from saying what realists most want to hear, namely that our views in religion, in logic and mathematics, in ethics, and also about the empirical world, can be, and need to be, objectively true. ... That is anti-realism. Get Dr. Craig's newsletter and keep up with RF news and events.
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