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Disc numbers and Project Surname French names were quite common for Inuit because many of the priests in the North were from France or Quebec. Koonoo (b. IÑUKSUK m Yupik , Greenlandic , Inuit Means "that which acts in the capacity of a human" in Inuktitut. The Igloolik and Pond Inlet archives both house extraordinary missionary literature that have detailed pedigree charts useful for genealogy. Beginning in the 1930s, federal policies affected Inuit names. From this project, genealogy of family members can be ascertained by an individual’s last name corroborated with historical records in which Inuit first names are found. These posts produced ledgers that recorded the sales of fur and the purchase of goods between Inuit and traders. Irniq said that because he is so well known, it was highly publicized when he changed the spelling of his name, and about 450 Inuit followed suit. Changes in surnames and given names range from spelling variances to completely different names. She said the negative impact of federal schools and governments telling Inuit how to live their lives, assimilate and speak English, is still felt today. Niviatsinaq had a son named Oudlanak who later was given the name John Ell. They gave our people names from the Bible — Joanasie, from John, Jamiesie (James), Olutie (Ruth), Miali (Mary), Salamonie (Solomon), Noah, Jonah, Ipeelie (Abel), Ilisapie (Elizabeth), and so on. While a popular misconception is that the term "Eskimo" is simply an exonym for the Inuit people, there are many Native Alaskan tribes that speak dialects of the Eskimo language, including the Inuit, the Yupik, the Inupiat and the Alutiiq. As an example of record keeping prior to 1940, take Igloolik’s Zipporah Innuksuk, who lived from 1923 to 2008. 1892) interviewed by Father Guy Mary-Rousselière (a.k.a. Aleuts are not considered Eskimo by linguists, nor by the U.S. Census Bureau. Her name had been spelled Kitupana, but Millie, 56, eventually changed it to Q, as she said that is the proper way to pronounce it in Inuktitut. Ataata Maari) for Pond Inlet and region genealogy. "Project Surname was the end of Inuit culture in terms of naming our children," says Peter Irniq, former commissioner of Nunavut. "Those are barriers that were imposed on us and very painful experiences, so … it is part of the healing journey to reclaim your identity and your traditions.". Project Surname was proposed by the Northwest Territories Council (now known as the Legislative Assembly) in the late 1960s as a way to move past the federal government's "E-number" system. Their journals included references to Inuit with whom they had made contact and who helped them survive. Between 1910 and 1926, the Hudson Bay Company opened posts all across the North. Names like Johnny became Joanasie, David became Davidee — these names are still common among Inuit today. "I-R-N-I-Q is what I have always been," he said. Family names had not been used among Inuit for time immemorial, Irniq said, until Project Surname. Then each family would live and hunt together with 6-10 other families. Some marriages were arranged, but most were by choice. For example, Irniq did not share names with his family members: his father was Athanasi Angutitaq, his mother Irene Katak, and his sister Bernadette Iguttaq. "So I think to this day, Project Surname was 10 years too early. These baby name lists are organised alphabetically. These names are not gender specific and newborns are often named after recently deceased family members; this custom gives vitality to the soul of the deceased who becomes the child’s namesake. These baby name lists are organised alphabetically. Research in family’s locations include where people lived, worked, were born, married, died, came from, and went. In addition, the complexity of the Inuit concept of the lifecycle, inuusiq, has a central focus on the name, atiit. Consequently, the process of naming a child was about discovering who the child was, who they represented from the past and who they will become. The head of the family picked a surname — often a relative's given name — … Various missionary, explorer, whaler, and trader literature contain information about Inuit as well. It was argued that identifying the Inuit by last names rather than a series of numbers was more humane. We’ve come a long way in documenting traditional place names in Nunavut in the past decades, though there is still a long road ahead before the names appear on official maps – like our neighbours in Greenland and in Nunavik. "When I was born, Inuit, gee we were always very obedient of the newcomers like the Roman Catholic Church and the government, RCMP and Hudson's Bay Company," Irniq said. "Project Surname was the end of Inuit culture in terms of naming our children," Irniq said. After a lifetime of spelling his name the way white priests and teachers told him to, in 1999 Peter Irniq finally decided to change his last name to the traditional Inuit pronunciation. "Our parents did not know a thing about naming their children in the English terms or French terms.". In total, it cost the five members of his family $795. TheBabyNames provides a list of popular boy names and girl names in 2020 with name meanings, origins and religions. Inuit people are strict followers of animism, which explains their love for spiritual names, … In this series of posts, I list surnames carried by Aboriginal (or part Aboriginal) individuals in the 1901 and 1911 census for the eastern provinces of Canada. names missing pronunciations are excluded from results by default * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation. Inuit Name Generator is free online tool for generating Inuit Names randomly. Find your family's origin in Canada, average life expectancy, most common occupation, and more. The Canadian government labeled each Inuit with an Eskimo Identification number that doubled as their last name. In Inuit mythology, Malina is the name of a solar goddess. His 10 volume journals were an account of ethnographic and archaeological data representing communities from Canada’s Eastern Arctic to Alaska, all by dog-team. The whaler Captain George Comer sailed Cumberland Sound between 1875 and 1895; and, Hudson Bay from 1895 to 1912. Inuit Dog Names Inuit dog names are a great choice for owners of any dogs with an Arctic history or for those who have an interest in the Arctic regions of Alaska, Canada, and/or Greenland. The Inuit are actually one specific tribe, but the term inuit is often used to describe all the people previously often referred to as Eskimo, this term is considered offensive by many inuit. By taking the Name of a Child for years that will develop their personality traits according to the Meaning for his/her Name, whether you are the Mother or Father of a New Cute Baby, We have collected the list of Modern Inuit Baby Names with their Meaning. "It was Project Surname that helped spell the last names of the people, because the Inuit didn't have a writing system of their own," she said. The Inuit were also forced to wear their numbers around their necks like dog tags. By taking the Name of a Child for years that will develop their personality traits according to the Meaning for his/her Name, whether you are the Mother or Father of a New Cute Baby, We have collected the list of Modern Inuit Baby Names with their Meaning. "In 2000 I came back to who I have always been ever since I was born.". Inuit Heritage Trust is an excellent source for Inuit place names maps. He established a local committee to verify spellings. Crowe was fluent in the Inuktut language and subsequently reported to the Department of Northern Affairs and Natural Resources his concerns on how formalized last names might affect the naming culture of deceased souls given to newborns. Instead, they refer to each other using a system of kinship and family terms, known as tuqłurausiit (turk-thlo-raw-seet).Calling each other by kinship terms is a way to show respect and foster closeness within families. Inuit names have a meaning, but there are almost no sex specific names despite these … Those that wanted names to replace their disc numbers were recorded and their names were officially changed. By the 1920s, there was a push by missionaries, fur trade employees and government officials to identify the Inuit in accordance with European norms and the patriarchal social model. CBC North is doing a series on the history and significance of Inuit names. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. Other than about two generations ago, there is little to no information about his heritage. But Irniq said many Inuit took the names of their fathers, as is common in western culture. These records provide names of Inuit by location and identify family relationships among the Inuit who visited the posts and who were employed. His mother named him Irniq, which means son in Inuktitut, when he was born in an igloo in 1947 on the land hundreds of kilometres from Naujaat, Nunavut. When Okpik visited Irniq, he chose the name his mother had given him. "Inuit" is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and "Eskimo" is fading from use. Examples include "Itigaituk" (has no feet), "Anana" or "Anaana" (mother), "Piujuq" (beautiful) and "Tulimak" (rib). Inuit Baby Names Eager to search a popular name for your baby while enjoying the triumph of being parents? When Inuit moved into settlements, local and federal public authorities wanted to log specific dates of birth for health records, social assistance applications and other administration purposes. Undertaking genealogical research in Nunavut is not without obstacles. Although names, places, and dates are a primary starting point, learning about historical events assist you in shaping your family tree. From these workshops, Elders identified family genealogy as one of the project’s chief strategic action items for Nunavut to undertake. "My first birth certificate was Peter Ernerk, which was spelled by a Roman Catholic priest," Irniq told CBC from his home in Ottawa. Genealogists studying southern Canadians often study historical immigration records from foreign regions including Europe, the Middle East and Asia to determine family roots. Choose an Inuit name for your male or female dog using the list below or use these Inuit names as inspiration for a different dog name. Traditional Inuit names reflected things of importance (family, spirits, animals, the environment) and were neither gender-specific nor recognized shared family names. In this time of reconciliation, we as Inuit are forcefully reclaiming our proper place as an Indigenous people in Canada by asserting Inuit self- determination through our language, our place names and our history. They usually lived in family groups of around 5-6 people. On his return, he and his kids come across a … In Nunavut, it is especially important to note that place names in records can have variant spellings, pronunciations and alternate between English and Inuktut names for the same location. At the start of the story, Lord Eddard Stark, aka Ned Stark, makes his way home. "My parents did not choose my name," Irniq said. Traditional Inuit names reflected things of importance (family, spirits, animals, the environment) and were neither gender-specific nor recognized shared family names. First, research begins with a historical survey of names, or atiit in Inuktut. Finding the perfect Canadian Inuit name for your dog can be a bit tricky if you are not familiar with the culture and the community of the Inuit in Canada. "We are taking ownership, reclaiming our language and our culture because it identifies who we are, where we come from and that we are Inuit," Pitsiulak said. Additional sources of records come from the RCMP. Initially the priest named him Pierre, but it didn't stick, he said. Soon after, he said Nunavut's then-Justice minister Jack Anawak announced that Inuit would no longer have to pay to change their names or the spelling of their names as a result of Project Surname. These reports contain general information of names and families across the North. Inupiaq, Yup'ik, Cupik, Siberian Yup'ik are the more accurate terms for these cultures. Despite the Arctic’s short history of written records, oral histories have emerged as reputable and helpful sources for information. Additionally, ethnologists such as Franz Boas and Knud Rasmussen included gazetteers that provide rich descriptions of locations and what they were traditionally used for around the North. An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Inuit ancestors lived in harsh conditions. From 1924 to 1968, the RCMP conducted patrols to monitor the general status of Inuit in traditional camps, and later the outpost camps attached to permanent settlements. One example would be a person whose great-grandfather was named the one name, Kunayak. example: (s)(s)ra will match names which have two syllables and then the sound rah Introduction Place Names in Nunavut . The first phase of the disc numbers was implemented before the first Northwest Territories census carried out in 1941 where identification numbers were used in conjunction with first names. Inuit Dog Names Inuit dog names are a great choice for owners of any dogs with an Arctic … It will help you to generate 1000's of cool Inuit Names which you can use in books, novels, games, or whatever fantasy world you want to use it. The information on places is important because historical records of those places may provide information about your family. Family: Family groups were the most important social unit in Inuit culture. Aggeok A known bearer of this name is the Inuit artist Imona Natsiapik (b. The Inuit soon lost their family names, too. Closed Captioning and Described Video is available for many CBC shows offered on CBC Gem. His name had come to her in a dream. Genealogy, also known as family history, is the study of families and tracing their history. Useful to genealogists are the names of families and individuals which Rasmussen recorded from across the North. Box 500 Station A Toronto, ON Canada, M5W 1E6. Family: Family groups were the most important social unit in Inuit culture. He said there were positives and negatives to the project. They usually lived in family groups of around 5-6 people. In 1999, Irniq changed his family's last name, getting rid of what he called the "old colonialistic" spelling, as well as the E-number, E3-546. The Government established a platform for providing health and social services, including income support, that required names to be registered. Inuit names reflected what was important in their culture, including the environment, animals, family and spirits. Part of Okpik’s mission was to travel the North and explain the new system to locals, answering their questions and reassuring them that their surnames were to be their choice. Discover the meaning of the Inuit name on Ancestry®. Peter Irniq, who also goes by Piita, is a former commissioner of Nunavut and a well-known guardian of Inuit culture and language. While Project Surname was taking place, the Inuit Cultural Institute, which no longer exists, was working on a new writing system for Inuit. "We were just coming out of the igloo, and the Canadian society, the Canadian system of governance, and things like that were very, very foreign to us. According to a 1970 Annual Report of the Commissioner of the Northwest Territories, provided in part to CBC by a spokesperson for the territorial government, the project's director, Abraham Okpik, visited every settlement where Inuit lived and interviewed each head of family about their wishes. In Nunavut, these include records from census, military, regional immigration, land use reports, re-settlement programs, government projects, missionary and church, trading company, ethnographic literature, and explorer literature. Northwest Territories councilor Abraham “Abe” Okpik, an Inuit leader, was hired to carry it out. Name: The name "Igloolik" means "there is an igloo here" in Inuktitut. The Inuit were also forced to wear their numbers around their necks like dog tags. Before 50 years ago, births, marriages, deaths and adoptions were not recorded consistently for Inuit by governmental and church institutions, or by the trading companies. The Family Relations and Genealogy Strategy 2010-2014, developed by the Government of Nunavut’s Department of Culture and Heritage, initiated a series of Family Relations and Genealogy workshops across Nunavut from 2010 to 2012. The Anglican church, however, … ca. At the same time, inuit isn't acceptable to the Yupik, who are one of the indigenous people part of the previously mentioned 150,000. Of special interest, Boas and Rasmussen had Inuit informants who were able to produce hand drawn maps from memory with remarkable accuracy. Like many Inuit, Irniq's name has evolved and changed over the last century, as a result of colonization, residential schools and Project Surname. The project involved about 12,000 people and changes were made to approximately 95 per cent of the names involved. Inuit methods of raising children differ considerably from those in Southern Canada. "I'm a strong, strong believer in my own culture and I want to keep the name that was given to me by my mother.". Their numbers were used as their last names on all government documents. Marriage was important for the Inuit people. The early foreign explorers to Nunavut all created detailed reports of their search of the Northwest Passage and whaling grounds. Irniq ultimately believes that when Project Surname came into being, Inuit weren't quite ready to take on authorities. Traditionally, Inuit do not call each other by their given names. 1970. Then each family would live and hunt together with 6-10 other families. It is a priority for CBC to create a website that is accessible to all Canadians including people with visual, hearing, motor and cognitive challenges. Inuit names reflected what was important in their culture, including the environment, animals, family and spirits. They believed that names carried life and personality. Greenlanders (Greenlandic: kalaallit, Danish: Grønlændere) are people identified with the country of Greenland or the indigenous people, the Greenlandic Inuit (kalaallit, inughuit, tunumiit).This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. From 1924 to 1968, the RCMP conducted patrols to monitor the general status of Inuit in traditional camps, and later the outpost camps attached to permanent settlements. example: *lee will match names which end with the sound lee (s) will match exactly one syllable in the pronunciation. Other parts of the Arctic such as Greenland and the Soviet Union began similar renaming projects. Sometimes, expectant mothers would claim t… Some marriages were arranged, but most were by choice. My father's family is actually Russian, but I've been told before that my name sounds Inuit. Saa Pitsiulak, an Inuktitut language program officer for Nunavut's Department of Culture and Heritage, works to protect, promote and preserve Inuit languages. Marriage was important for the Inuit people. Inuit Nunangat as a geographic and political space is largely unknown to most Canadians.

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