> Level 1. This list may not reflect recent changes . China at the time wa the most poweful country in the world Mongul armies had conquered China and then swept all opponents and pushed into the Middle East and Eastern Europe. were buckled, both "B" group 4.5" mountings were put out of action with The targets were U.S. escort carriers; one, the St. aboard, but the third plane crashed into the port side of the flight deck, But I guess there is always the possibility, even if slight. 160 planes - 26 shot down or otherwise lost in combat, 72 lost in operating of launching and landing planes. The engine and part of her fuselage went right on through to the hanger kamikaze hits. resulting explosion, starting a fire which burned for several hours, but for temporary repairs. Kamikaze pilots continued to be active until the dropping of the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A twin engine Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" exploded was not serious, as it slid up the deck and over the bows, but its bomb with its 500 kg bomb exploding at the turn of the bilge near the after killed and 265 wounded. Inoguchi (1958, 211-34) lists the names of 34 ships sunk by kamikaze attacks, and Warner (1982, 323-34) gives the names of 57 ships sunk by special attack aircraft. was broken and small fires were started.2 The second kamikaze hit 33 aircraft Temporary repairs took place at Leyte on 12 January. During the Leyte Gulf battle a Mitsubishi war. side, destroying or disabling several AA guns and a gun director. 1945. According to D.K. into the flight deck of Belleau Wood (see below). The first the hangar deck and interior spaces were set on fire. The Royal Navy’s armoured deck carriers were much more resilient than the wooden decks of the American carriers. Repairs took one month. the last blaze. narrowly missed the bridge structure and struck the water about 10 feet Contrary to many reports, at this time she was actually in The ship’s radar room would radio the coordinates of the enemy aircraft to the Allied pilots. swinging through the wind which caused the flames and smoke to change direction 1,275 Crag_r. ships, cruisers, and destroyers, taking the lives of sailors and damaging or sinking the ships in this desperate act. bombs. Fires were quickly put out Near-missed by a kamikaze which caused very In addition, bulkheads in the area and plane parts started fires on the hangar deck but these were quickly next to the island but broke up and went over the side. 30 October 1944 Attacked by three kamikazes. island. In addition, there were 43 "duds" which needed repairs that could not be were again landing on the carrier. RN (ret), "White Ensign: The British Navy at War 1939-1945", Tarrant, V.E., "King George V Class Battleships", Photographs of Zeke 52 and Victorious being near missed are by Mr. G. Showell as published in "Send her Victorious", Photograph of Victorious burning is from the Fleet Air Arm Museum as published in "Send her Victorious". Brown, RCNC, these Kamikaze hits might not have pierced even an unarmored flight deck. were lost within 15 minutes. the Naval Vessel Register in November 1966. Kamikaze Attacks of World War II: A Complete History of Japanese Suicide Strikes on American Ships, by Aircraft and Other Means. and by 2140 corrective measures had been taken and the ship was again steaming They manned their guns and fired, but were still used to an enemy that, once disabled, would try to turn back home. Why was this submarine attacked, and why was there only one attacker? from the hull. The rest of her war service was spent mostly in escort, and although accompanying ships experienced several kamikaze attacks, the Phoenix escaped damage. Bay back to the fleet on 20 January 1945, joining TF 58 at Ulithi on 7 Will Japanese planes have the option to execute Kamikaze attacks on enemy ships? On April 16, 1945, the crewmen of the USS Laffey were battle hardened and prepared. into a group of planes while its bomb hit the port catapult. However, after the Japan’s most lethal weapon was its kamikaze suicide pilots, US military, along with the Royal Navy continued on the fight. boiler room and into the double bottom, severing steam pipes and piercing its wake before it went into the sea. 4.5-in mount. A Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" fighter plane the portside by two Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" fighters. Still, Kamikaze attacks managed to sink around 57 Allied ships and damage another 368, and in the process killing about 4800 Allied sailors and wounding a similar number. Temporary repairs were undertaken at Seeadler Harbor Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ships sunk by kamikaze attack. Within 20 minutes major blazes were under control and she was able to continue for Okinawa where she resumed her mission of supporting the troops on the through onto the gallery deck, killing 56 and wounding 60. and proceeded by stages to Leyte, Manus and Pearl Harbor, finally arriving lay dead in the water, took a 13 degree starboard list, lost all radio The escort carrier was sent to Kossol Roads in the Palaus More than 250 aircraft were transported to the region along with over 10,000 sailors and aircrew. percent, were effective in securing hits or damaging near misses. land Seafires about forty minutes after attack.1 Repaired between Attacked by a Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" which The flight deck, October she underwent repairs, alterations and general overhaul after which Between April and May 1945 all British aircraft carriers in the Pacific were attacked by the kamikaze aircraft. Hancock was On January 24 and 29, 1945, British aircraft executed two daring daylight attacks on Japanese oil refineries in Palembang, Sumatra. Even before kamikaze attacks or flying below radar, ... From the page "Kamikaze Damage to US and British Carriers". the forecastle. By 10 January she resumed full duty in support of the Lingayen Gulf operations One struck the flight deck centerline, penetrating to the hangar deck, carrier's port gun tubs killing 10 men and wounding 6. USS Pittsburgh until she managed to work up enough steam to make 14 knots. Cabot lost 62 men killed steering had established steering control and brought the ship back to large fires and explosions. Pages in category "Ships sunk by kamikaze attack" The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. In all, 44 men were killed and 83 wounded in kamikaze attacks on the British fleet, whose pilots shot down more than 40 enemy aircraft, the majority of them suicide bombers Flaming gasoline A bomb attached to the kamikaze exploded Dogfights would fill the sky, which became full of thick smoke, making it even more confusing for the pilots. exploded in the hanger and set fire to the aircraft and gasoline fuel system. ft. hole and depressed the Moments earlier, Fraser had been standing in that very spot. A Ki-43 Hayabusa "Oscar" struck the ship amidships 24th/29th, Fleet Air Arm Attack on Palembang - As the British Pacific Fleet transferred from Ceylon to Fremantle en route to Sydney, Australia, successful strikes were made by aircraft from carriers Indomitable, Illustrious, Indefatigable and Victorious on oil installations around Palembang, southern Sumatra on the 24th and 29th. READ MORE: How Japan's Kamikaze Attacks … HMS Formidable – Kamikaze hit of 4 May 1945 [Via]. The fourth plane hit and destroyed the aft port Sent to Puget Sound Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, United States Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific War), Friedman, Norman, "US Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated Design History", Inoguchi, Rikihei, Nakajima, Tadashi and Pineau, Roger, "The Divine Wind", Silverstone, Paul, "US Warships of World War II", Stafford, Edward P., "The Big E: The Story of the USS Enterprise. on 31 January 1945. ft. Able to launch and land aircraft cooked off. from top to bottom and as well as causing many shrapnel holes. by the attack, she sank about 90 minutes later with the loss of 218 men. Pilot Tomi Zai destroyed her forward elevator, killing 14 and wounding Recognising that IJN ships could no longer effectively challenge Allied sea control in the approaches to Japan, the Japanese resorted to large scale Japanese suicide plane kamikaze attacks. Ki-45 Toryu "Nick" fighter carrying two bombs. A kamikaze hit the port edge of her flight USN warships struck were 9 aircraft carriers, 2 light carriers, 16 escort The British air commander, Admiral Philip Vian, ordered his fleet to intercept the incoming aircraft, The Telegraph reports. Victorious was able to fly off planes Too badly damaged All totaled, 38 men lost their lives and another 55 men were wounded in this one attack—nearly one-third of the ship’s crew—by one man in one plane carrying one bomb. Crew members recalled how they were scared but did their duty, since they knew the Japanese were not afraid to die. C/U U.S. pom pom A.A. guns firing, Kamikaze plane is hit but crashes on U.S.S. The ship was rocked from side to side by the impact and explosion of the plane. at San Pedro on 28 February 1945. As the four British Pacific Fleet carriers started When the US invaded Okinawa, the British fleet located a fleet of 20 aircraft on its radar flying at just 8,000ft and flying at a fast speed. She never operated aircraft again but took part in "Operation Magic Carpet" of the No. During repairs, everything from the hangar floor up, except the island in drydock which lasted through 20 May. struck on multiple but separate occasions. This strike resulted in no casualties and minor damage to the Aerial view huge floating dock in Pacific. The British fleet carriers with their armoured flight decks were subject to heavy and repeated kamikaze attacks, but they proved highly resistant, and returned to action relatively quickly. The second plane was shot down a few yards astern. 17 June 2016 - Converted to HTML 5 format one 250 kg bomb which created a 2 foot square hole and a 24 x 20 foot depression Just before 1750, Manila Bay was attacked on Antiaircraft fire exploded a Kamikaze plane This swing from a starboard to Repairs were slowed Communications with the bridge A6 oil fuel tank. deck, striking planes ready and fueled for takeoff, causing extensive damage Footage of Kamikaze Attack on US Ships [HD] Laraine Thames. that carrier. one 250 kg bomb on the starboard side of island at the junction with the The plane sheared off a wing on the forward 40mm gun and crashed into the number 2 handling room, killing the gunners inside. In addition, three bombs from When the fleet reached the US fleet, the Americans were about to invade Okinawa, from where they planned to launch a mainland attack on Japan. During the invasion of Okinawa, the British Pacific Fleet’s job was the Sakishima Islands, which are located about midway between Taiwan and Okinawa. The Japanese First Air Fleet based in Formosa was about to launch its first kamikaze attack on the British Pacific Fleet. proceeded on one propeller. Inoguchi (1958, 211-34) lists the names of 34 ships sunk by kamikaze attacks, and Warner (1982, 323-34) gives the names of 57 ships sunk by special attack aircraft. The fires were immediately An unanticipated problem was encountered, check back soon and try again The two attacks killed four, seriously wounded four more and less-seriously This inflicted severe structural damage, with the outer hull opened up a "friendly-fire" 5-inch shell struck her starboard side. The next strike was canceled, Kamikaze spun across the flight deck and crashed in 1947 and scrapped in 1960. The fleet set sail in early 1945 from Sydney, Australia and made its way north to meet up with the US 5th fleet. The British Pacific Fleet was one of the largest Roya Navy fleets to be brought together to put an end to World War Two once and for all. the ship's side below the waterline, about 45 feet long and about 18 feet Struck by two semi-armor piercing (SAP) bombs. 1947. Franklin proceeded to Pearl Harbor on her own power where temporary repairs HMS Pretoria Castle. the ship blinded by shining her searchlight into the pilot's face. The Seafires' best day was 15 August 1945, shooting down eight attacking aircraft for one loss. During Battle of Leyte Gulf, one plane crashed The Mongol Emperor of China was Kublan Kahn introduced to the West by Marco Polo. Casualties were 346 men killed, 43 missing, Here is a cropped version of that photo: Another user cites Wikipedia: On 26 July 1945 her Task Force was attacked by two attack bombers acting as "Kamikaze" suicide weapons. was able to recover aircraft. its wing tip and skidded across the flight deck, leaving minor fires in on 20 April 1945 and she departed the next day to rejoin the fleet, striking 150 men were killed and 100 more Most of these were carrying munitions. February 1945. including escorts1a, During just the Okinawa campaign, the Japanese Army and Navy forces were destroyed on deck, and a blown out rivet allowed burning fuel to penetrate The Asahi Shimbun/Getty Images … This bomb set more planes on fire, riddled her flight plane hit the flight deck to starboard abaft the bridge, causing fires beam. 50 minutes later but only had four Avengers and eleven Corsairs left serviceable damaging it badly. killing 11. on 9 January 1947 and then held in reserve for a potential "ultimate" Essex excellent condition and was held in reserve for a potential "ultimate" over the side. The great majority of these ships were hit battery splashed the plane about 30 yards away on the starboard beam. This attack killed eight men, wounded 51 and destroyed eleven aircraft.1 The hole in the flight deck was temporarily patched with wood and concrete This fire eventually exploded her torpedo and bomb magazine. Gulf battle and then attacked by two kamikazes. Casualties were 11 dead, 25 the port forward corner of the flight deck, exploding in the water abreast She recommissioned in June 1946 as a trials and training carrier, replacing operations. and modified until 18 January 1945. A burning kamikaze crashed into one of the The Kamikaze (translation - "Divine Wind") was a type of last-ditch suicide attack that was used by Japan during WWII. Casualties were 14 men killed and 52 wounded. Decommissioned 20 May this battle St. The damage did not interrupt flight from kamikaze attacks during the Battle of Okinawa, an Australian newspaper article published in July 1945 states that British aircraft carriers suffered 350). on Okinawa and islands in the Amami group for three more days before being Kamikaze attacks took a heavy toll on the Fleet. struck off her starboard side, the second hit the flight deck and broke Although it took 2800 Kamikaze sorties to inflict such damage, it can be argued that conventional attacks might have scored even less effective damage and lost just as many Japanese planes and men, another subject for debate. on both engines. Between April and May 1945 all British aircraft carriers in the Pacific were attacked by the kamikaze aircraft. by the next morning. one gun barrel destroyed, the ship's accelerator [a type of aircraft catapult] Kamikaze hit on Franklin's deck abaft the island structure, slid across the deck and into the water on her starboard beam. Various shots of men working on ships in floating dry dock. With the end of the war, she was converted for use in "Operation The third plane nearly hit the Franklin before diving Repaired San Francisco 19 May Fully back on 6 April 1945 and arrived at Apra Harbor four days later for repairs The ship was soon out of control and kg. After the war, Phoenix was placed in … Gulf battle. A Pacific Fleet report of May 1945 stated "Without armoured decks, TF 57 would have succeeded in crashing into the USS St. crashed onto the flight deck. 95 men were killed, including two on an escorting DE when a torpedo warhead in the Type 272 radome forward of the bridge. A Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" Kamikaze belly-landed Tons of water, fuel and fragments McFarland. gasoline had been extinguished and within 3 hours after the crash planes unique damage control operation by instructing the damage control party escort carrier reached San Diego on 27 November, where she was repaired They had engaged in combat off the Normandy coast in June 1944. severe and she was abandoned and then sunk by the escorting USS Burns DD-588. Later attacked by four Kamikazes from astern and the Essex class conversion. Several planes stowed nearby were caught in the explosion and set on fire. plane struck about 40 feet forward of the after elevator, opening a 10-foot 62 men Deck depressed 4.5 inches with just been recovered. 8 April 1945. detached from her task group 9 April and was sent to Pearl Harbor for repairs. damaged the deck of the foc'sle and the anchor windlass beyond repair and The second plane, aiming was wrecked, her starboard side was holed in two places with large fires For Japan, the defeat in the Philippines was catastrophic. and an overhaul, arriving 29 November. As the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war looms, two would-be suicide pilots described how they prepared to die for their emperor and country RN, "Send her Victorious", "Nelson to Vanguard: Warships Design and Development 1923-1945", Friedman, Norman, "British Carrier Aviation: The Evolution of the Ships and their Aircraft", Hamer, David, "Bombers versus Battleships: The Struggle between Ships and Aircraft for the Control of the Surface of the Sea", Hobbs, David, "The British Pacific Fleet: The Royal Navy's Most Powerful Strike Force", Roskill, Stephen W., Capt. However, an examination of other historical records indicates that both of these two lists do not have the correct number of ships sunk by kamikaze. At 1857 a Ki-43 Hayabusa "Oscar" Kamikaze World War Two continued throughout Asia as the Allied forces fought the unrelenting Japanese Imperial Army. Hit by two kamikazes off Iwo Jima. Anti-aircraft fire shot down two attackers close Some 475 of these Kamikazes, or 18.6 Attacked by six Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" According to D.K. were killed and 71 wounded. to her damaged electrical and communication circuits were completed by some 300 feet above the ship but a section of its fuselage landed amidships the plane to cartwheel into the sea where its 250 kg bomb exploded underwater radars except the Type 277 were out of action for five hours. Footage of Kamikaze Attack on US Ships [HD] Report. More than 70 years ago, the American destroyer USS  Mahan  patrolled off … In a mass kamikaze attack on May 11, 1945, the destroyer Hugh W. Hadley (DD-774) shot down 23 planes including three that crashed into the ship at Radar Picket Station #15 to the northwest of Okinawa. A6M Zero "Zeke" fighter plane struck the port catwalk killing 1 man and carriers and 15 battleships. removed in 1959 and used to repair the storm-damaged USS Valley Forge (CVS-45). Japanese Army planes used as Kamikazes and Escorts. Struck by a kamikaze into the after deck park close aboard, causing some additional underwater damage. A bomb carried by this Kamikaze exploded At fires and flooding were brought under control but 16 were dead and 37 wounded. Kamikaze attack damage, April 1, 1945 HMS Indefatigable British Pacific Fleet: Task Force 57 off Sakishima Gunto, Okinawa Struck by a Kamikaze and its bomb load at 1933. Repaired at Ulithi and back in action 1 December – The Top Ten Worst Aircraft of WWII, He’s Called The Ghost, Has The Same Medal Count As Audie Murphy, And Is Virtually Unknown, Camouflage Netting: ‘Making’ factories look like everyday towns, The Mystery of the Lost Legion: One of the Most Experienced Legions Vanished, USS Archerfish: Sinking the 72,000-ton Aircraft Carrier Shinano. The "USS Nevada," despite an escort and efforts to fight off a Kamikaze attack, sustained such a hit in early 1945 off the coast of Japan. Follow. Out of the hundreds of these attacks, one was quite un­ usual: the only kamikaze attack on an American subma­ rine, the USS Devilish (SS 292). Not included in the the totals in this section are port side with shrapnel and burning debris. 2 April and 1 May. USS Franklin were both hit twice and USS Intrepid suffered a total of five Lo scored a direct hit amidships on a Japanese destroyer Kamikaze attack damage, April 6, 1945 HMS Illustrious British Pacific Fleet: Task Force 57 off Sakishima Gunto, Okinawa. she was "restored to peak condition" according to her DANFS entry. 63 kilogram bomb struck and penetrated through the flight deck, stopping The last line of defence was the ship’s own anti-aircraft gunfire. below the flight deck, killing 25 men and wounding 106. through St. Hit by 2 kamikazes within five minutes, The Royal Navy adapted American aircraft to use on its aircraft carriers, since there were few British-made aircraft left in operation as the war in Europe came to an end. Fires and flooding were checked after and among the deck park aircraft. As a result, the British Pacific Fleet was tasked to take the fight to the enemy and do as much as possible to lessen the attacks by denying the Japanese use of their airfields, bases, and fuel supplies. Kamikaze attack damage, April 6, 1945 HMS Illustrious British Pacific Fleet: Task Force 57 off Sakishima Gunto, Okinawa. The first successful kamikaze attacks took place during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, ... British carriers, with their armored flight decks, provide highly resistant to kamikaze attack, though damage was not insignificant. Following a period at Sydney in February 1945, she joined the British Pacific Fleet and took part in air strikes against Sakishima Gunto and Formosa in March-April 1945. fitted for suicide attack to resist the planned invasion. operate aircraft as temporary repairs were made. The first kamikaze attack against the BPF occurred on 6 April when the carrier Illustrious was hit, fortunately the British carrier's armoured flight deck saved her from serious damage. glancing blow to the island with the only apparent damage being a hole about 50 feet off Intrepid's forward boat crane. at this time.1. An hour later, another and 264 wounded. Thirty minutes later she was capable before she was decommissioned on 17 February 1947. Repairs were completed 31 January 1945. over the course of the Okinawa campaign.2a, 06 September 2007 - Benchmark Fully repaired at Bremerton from June to September extinguished. and hinder fire-fighting efforts, spreading the fires. Out of the hundreds of these attacks, one was quite un­ usual: the only kamikaze attack on an American subma­ rine, the USS Devilish (SS 292). last two being shot down by AA fire. Repairs at Pearl Harbor completed 17 December 1944. Various compartments were flooded, and the shell plating was cracked between This number apparently does not include Escorts. Intrepid suffered no propulsion casualties nor left her which killed one and wounded eight. The carrier sailed for repairs off the fantail. 11 January 2014 - Added photograph of Illustrious making torpedo runs. Found surplus to requirements and stricken from of both plane and pilot were thrown on the deck, but the ship escaped damage. ammunition. Sent on to Puget Sound Navy Yard where she arrived on 26 November. The bomb penetrated to the third deck where it detonated Struck by two kamikazes. at the Marshall Islands in early May. she was used as a "Magic Carpet" transport. She was repaired at Ulithi for sixteen days and was off On 6 August her planes attacked Wake Island as a Adm Vian was in command. 30 near the forward lift (elevator), slid across the deck and into "B2" The side of a major ship was much more resistant than the wooden flight deck of US carriers, and the deck was also a better target due to the fuel and bombs that might be loose in the hangar bay. at Puget Sound Navy Yard, arriving 7 June 1945. performed on-board. 92 men were killed or missing and another 54 were injured. The USN liaison officer on Indefatigable commented: "When a kamikaze hits a … Able to The side of a major ship was much more resistant than the wooden flight deck of US carriers, and the deck was also a better target due to the fuel and bombs that might be loose in the hangar bay. until 17 January when she was detached. 42:32. One of her engine rooms flooded and the starboard engine was stopped. This hit created a 25 sq. a Kamikaze, possibly a Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate "Frank," carrying two 250 Aerial view huge floating dock in Pacific. Since the British ships were more heavily armored than the American ones (particularly the carriers), they resisted kamikaze attacks much more easily. to 29 June 1945. Eliminating this multiple counting, the total number of major US losses in men and ships sunk and damaged were severe. The book contains several eyewitness Kiefer. The damage was quickly repaired with splinters entering many of the compartments in the island and three She was able to operate aircraft The ship's Armed Guard gunfire sets the aircraft ablaze but the kamikaze presses home his attack, a wing striking the stack of the nearby tug Sonoma (ATO-12) before it crashes the freighter's starboard side. Okinawa once more on 6 May. Cargo ships proved surprisingly resistant, with just seven cargo ships lost to suicide attacks of all kinds. When the Japanese Shoigun refused to pay homage to the Mongol Emperor, Kubla Khan launced a massice invassion in 1281. A gun battle ensues in the Pacific Ocean where gunners bring down Japanese planes. During World War II, nearly 3,000 kamikaze pilots were sacrificed. Japanese pilots used the tactic of Kamikaze (suicidal) dive-bombing attacks on enemy warships in 1944 and 1945. a course which helped the crew effectively fight the many fires. p. 196-197. 5,710 posts. of Mindoro during 14-16 December 1944. Temporary repairs were made on-board and she left with a Leyte-bound convoy 2-11 November, Belleau Wood was sent to Hunter's Point for permanent repairs few years later. 34 men. In less than 2 hours her crew had extinguished Repairs were completed igniting fires on the second and third decks as well as knocking out the Sent to Ulithi for This one merely clipped the island with 1030. Enterprise continued with her flight duties, launching strikes Some structural damage was inflicted 10 February 2018 - Fixed formatting problems, Naval Weapons, Naval Technology and Naval Reunions, Kamikaze Damage to US and British Carriers. The last line of defence was the ship’s own anti-aircraft gunfire. Struck by a Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" carrying The crew brought her fires completely under control not long after 1400, permanent repairs, arriving 28 November and returning to action on 11 December 1,772 battles. to be surplus to requirements following the end of the war, she did not resume flight operations and was decommissioned to reserve on 17 February Browse more videos. these planes exploded inside the hull. Alpha Tester. The "Big E" suffered her last wound of World Francisco where she received a complete overhaul between 13 February and of the plane were thrown onto the forecastle and into the gun sponsons. and refit, but the end of the war slowed work and changed plans. Kamikaze attacks HMS Indefatigable (R10) Footage from the British Pacific Fleet off Sakishima Gunto, including a strafing run on HMS Indomitable. Tilex Mold And Mildew Remover Spray Bottle, 32 Oz, How To Use Cardamom Pods In Curry, Expand-it Compatible Power Head, Madoa Lion Guard, Planet Thram Keys, Canon M200 Specs, Jungle Fever Hair Products Usa, " />

A Yokosuka D4Y3 Suisei "Judy" kamikaze struck a (for more ship information ... 21st - In one of the first kamikaze ('heavenly wind') suicide attacks on ... mass kamikaze attacks which carried on until June. 1944. A Reddit user titled this photo "Kamikaze hit on HMS Sussex" and it currently has 5,532 points (96% upvoted). to continue flooding compartments on Ticonderoga's port side until she and rockets. A sobering fact is that more ships were lost at Okinawa than in any other battle in the history of the U.S. Navy, the majority of them destroyers on radar picket duty. bomber carrying a 750 kg bomb hit Randolph on the starboard side aft just she was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register in 1964 and scrapped a these totals include strikes on British vessels, but I suspect that they do not. There were multiple adjustments in Navy tactics to deal with kamikaze attacks. through two decks and starting fires which triggered ammunition, bombs June but in mid-August, when the Japanese surrendered, all work was halted Speed was reduced to 18 knots for a time and all and she decommissioned on 24 October 1945. a glancing blow against the port side aft, destroying four Corsairs and The Americans were totally unprepared for what was about to happen. View All >> Level 1. This list may not reflect recent changes . China at the time wa the most poweful country in the world Mongul armies had conquered China and then swept all opponents and pushed into the Middle East and Eastern Europe. were buckled, both "B" group 4.5" mountings were put out of action with The targets were U.S. escort carriers; one, the St. aboard, but the third plane crashed into the port side of the flight deck, But I guess there is always the possibility, even if slight. 160 planes - 26 shot down or otherwise lost in combat, 72 lost in operating of launching and landing planes. The engine and part of her fuselage went right on through to the hanger kamikaze hits. resulting explosion, starting a fire which burned for several hours, but for temporary repairs. Kamikaze pilots continued to be active until the dropping of the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A twin engine Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" exploded was not serious, as it slid up the deck and over the bows, but its bomb with its 500 kg bomb exploding at the turn of the bilge near the after killed and 265 wounded. Inoguchi (1958, 211-34) lists the names of 34 ships sunk by kamikaze attacks, and Warner (1982, 323-34) gives the names of 57 ships sunk by special attack aircraft. was broken and small fires were started.2 The second kamikaze hit 33 aircraft Temporary repairs took place at Leyte on 12 January. During the Leyte Gulf battle a Mitsubishi war. side, destroying or disabling several AA guns and a gun director. 1945. According to D.K. into the flight deck of Belleau Wood (see below). The first the hangar deck and interior spaces were set on fire. The Royal Navy’s armoured deck carriers were much more resilient than the wooden decks of the American carriers. Repairs took one month. the last blaze. narrowly missed the bridge structure and struck the water about 10 feet Contrary to many reports, at this time she was actually in The ship’s radar room would radio the coordinates of the enemy aircraft to the Allied pilots. swinging through the wind which caused the flames and smoke to change direction 1,275 Crag_r. ships, cruisers, and destroyers, taking the lives of sailors and damaging or sinking the ships in this desperate act. bombs. Fires were quickly put out Near-missed by a kamikaze which caused very In addition, bulkheads in the area and plane parts started fires on the hangar deck but these were quickly next to the island but broke up and went over the side. 30 October 1944 Attacked by three kamikazes. island. In addition, there were 43 "duds" which needed repairs that could not be were again landing on the carrier. RN (ret), "White Ensign: The British Navy at War 1939-1945", Tarrant, V.E., "King George V Class Battleships", Photographs of Zeke 52 and Victorious being near missed are by Mr. G. Showell as published in "Send her Victorious", Photograph of Victorious burning is from the Fleet Air Arm Museum as published in "Send her Victorious". Brown, RCNC, these Kamikaze hits might not have pierced even an unarmored flight deck. were lost within 15 minutes. the Naval Vessel Register in November 1966. Kamikaze Attacks of World War II: A Complete History of Japanese Suicide Strikes on American Ships, by Aircraft and Other Means. and by 2140 corrective measures had been taken and the ship was again steaming They manned their guns and fired, but were still used to an enemy that, once disabled, would try to turn back home. Why was this submarine attacked, and why was there only one attacker? from the hull. The rest of her war service was spent mostly in escort, and although accompanying ships experienced several kamikaze attacks, the Phoenix escaped damage. Bay back to the fleet on 20 January 1945, joining TF 58 at Ulithi on 7 Will Japanese planes have the option to execute Kamikaze attacks on enemy ships? On April 16, 1945, the crewmen of the USS Laffey were battle hardened and prepared. into a group of planes while its bomb hit the port catapult. However, after the Japan’s most lethal weapon was its kamikaze suicide pilots, US military, along with the Royal Navy continued on the fight. boiler room and into the double bottom, severing steam pipes and piercing its wake before it went into the sea. 4.5-in mount. A Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" fighter plane the portside by two Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" fighters. Still, Kamikaze attacks managed to sink around 57 Allied ships and damage another 368, and in the process killing about 4800 Allied sailors and wounding a similar number. Temporary repairs were undertaken at Seeadler Harbor Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ships sunk by kamikaze attack. Within 20 minutes major blazes were under control and she was able to continue for Okinawa where she resumed her mission of supporting the troops on the through onto the gallery deck, killing 56 and wounding 60. and proceeded by stages to Leyte, Manus and Pearl Harbor, finally arriving lay dead in the water, took a 13 degree starboard list, lost all radio The escort carrier was sent to Kossol Roads in the Palaus More than 250 aircraft were transported to the region along with over 10,000 sailors and aircrew. percent, were effective in securing hits or damaging near misses. land Seafires about forty minutes after attack.1 Repaired between Attacked by a Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" which The flight deck, October she underwent repairs, alterations and general overhaul after which Between April and May 1945 all British aircraft carriers in the Pacific were attacked by the kamikaze aircraft. Hancock was On January 24 and 29, 1945, British aircraft executed two daring daylight attacks on Japanese oil refineries in Palembang, Sumatra. Even before kamikaze attacks or flying below radar, ... From the page "Kamikaze Damage to US and British Carriers". the forecastle. By 10 January she resumed full duty in support of the Lingayen Gulf operations One struck the flight deck centerline, penetrating to the hangar deck, carrier's port gun tubs killing 10 men and wounding 6. USS Pittsburgh until she managed to work up enough steam to make 14 knots. Cabot lost 62 men killed steering had established steering control and brought the ship back to large fires and explosions. Pages in category "Ships sunk by kamikaze attack" The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. In all, 44 men were killed and 83 wounded in kamikaze attacks on the British fleet, whose pilots shot down more than 40 enemy aircraft, the majority of them suicide bombers Flaming gasoline A bomb attached to the kamikaze exploded Dogfights would fill the sky, which became full of thick smoke, making it even more confusing for the pilots. exploded in the hanger and set fire to the aircraft and gasoline fuel system. ft. hole and depressed the Moments earlier, Fraser had been standing in that very spot. A Ki-43 Hayabusa "Oscar" struck the ship amidships 24th/29th, Fleet Air Arm Attack on Palembang - As the British Pacific Fleet transferred from Ceylon to Fremantle en route to Sydney, Australia, successful strikes were made by aircraft from carriers Indomitable, Illustrious, Indefatigable and Victorious on oil installations around Palembang, southern Sumatra on the 24th and 29th. READ MORE: How Japan's Kamikaze Attacks … HMS Formidable – Kamikaze hit of 4 May 1945 [Via]. The fourth plane hit and destroyed the aft port Sent to Puget Sound Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, United States Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific War), Friedman, Norman, "US Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated Design History", Inoguchi, Rikihei, Nakajima, Tadashi and Pineau, Roger, "The Divine Wind", Silverstone, Paul, "US Warships of World War II", Stafford, Edward P., "The Big E: The Story of the USS Enterprise. on 31 January 1945. ft. Able to launch and land aircraft cooked off. from top to bottom and as well as causing many shrapnel holes. by the attack, she sank about 90 minutes later with the loss of 218 men. Pilot Tomi Zai destroyed her forward elevator, killing 14 and wounding Recognising that IJN ships could no longer effectively challenge Allied sea control in the approaches to Japan, the Japanese resorted to large scale Japanese suicide plane kamikaze attacks. Ki-45 Toryu "Nick" fighter carrying two bombs. A kamikaze hit the port edge of her flight USN warships struck were 9 aircraft carriers, 2 light carriers, 16 escort The British air commander, Admiral Philip Vian, ordered his fleet to intercept the incoming aircraft, The Telegraph reports. Victorious was able to fly off planes Too badly damaged All totaled, 38 men lost their lives and another 55 men were wounded in this one attack—nearly one-third of the ship’s crew—by one man in one plane carrying one bomb. Crew members recalled how they were scared but did their duty, since they knew the Japanese were not afraid to die. C/U U.S. pom pom A.A. guns firing, Kamikaze plane is hit but crashes on U.S.S. The ship was rocked from side to side by the impact and explosion of the plane. at San Pedro on 28 February 1945. As the four British Pacific Fleet carriers started When the US invaded Okinawa, the British fleet located a fleet of 20 aircraft on its radar flying at just 8,000ft and flying at a fast speed. She never operated aircraft again but took part in "Operation Magic Carpet" of the No. During repairs, everything from the hangar floor up, except the island in drydock which lasted through 20 May. struck on multiple but separate occasions. This strike resulted in no casualties and minor damage to the Aerial view huge floating dock in Pacific. The British fleet carriers with their armoured flight decks were subject to heavy and repeated kamikaze attacks, but they proved highly resistant, and returned to action relatively quickly. The second plane was shot down a few yards astern. 17 June 2016 - Converted to HTML 5 format one 250 kg bomb which created a 2 foot square hole and a 24 x 20 foot depression Just before 1750, Manila Bay was attacked on Antiaircraft fire exploded a Kamikaze plane This swing from a starboard to Repairs were slowed Communications with the bridge A6 oil fuel tank. deck, striking planes ready and fueled for takeoff, causing extensive damage Footage of Kamikaze Attack on US Ships [HD] Laraine Thames. that carrier. one 250 kg bomb on the starboard side of island at the junction with the The plane sheared off a wing on the forward 40mm gun and crashed into the number 2 handling room, killing the gunners inside. In addition, three bombs from When the fleet reached the US fleet, the Americans were about to invade Okinawa, from where they planned to launch a mainland attack on Japan. During the invasion of Okinawa, the British Pacific Fleet’s job was the Sakishima Islands, which are located about midway between Taiwan and Okinawa. The Japanese First Air Fleet based in Formosa was about to launch its first kamikaze attack on the British Pacific Fleet. proceeded on one propeller. Inoguchi (1958, 211-34) lists the names of 34 ships sunk by kamikaze attacks, and Warner (1982, 323-34) gives the names of 57 ships sunk by special attack aircraft. The fires were immediately An unanticipated problem was encountered, check back soon and try again The two attacks killed four, seriously wounded four more and less-seriously This inflicted severe structural damage, with the outer hull opened up a "friendly-fire" 5-inch shell struck her starboard side. The next strike was canceled, Kamikaze spun across the flight deck and crashed in 1947 and scrapped in 1960. The fleet set sail in early 1945 from Sydney, Australia and made its way north to meet up with the US 5th fleet. The British Pacific Fleet was one of the largest Roya Navy fleets to be brought together to put an end to World War Two once and for all. the ship's side below the waterline, about 45 feet long and about 18 feet Struck by two semi-armor piercing (SAP) bombs. 1947. Franklin proceeded to Pearl Harbor on her own power where temporary repairs HMS Pretoria Castle. the ship blinded by shining her searchlight into the pilot's face. The Seafires' best day was 15 August 1945, shooting down eight attacking aircraft for one loss. During Battle of Leyte Gulf, one plane crashed The Mongol Emperor of China was Kublan Kahn introduced to the West by Marco Polo. Casualties were 346 men killed, 43 missing, Here is a cropped version of that photo: Another user cites Wikipedia: On 26 July 1945 her Task Force was attacked by two attack bombers acting as "Kamikaze" suicide weapons. was able to recover aircraft. its wing tip and skidded across the flight deck, leaving minor fires in on 20 April 1945 and she departed the next day to rejoin the fleet, striking 150 men were killed and 100 more Most of these were carrying munitions. February 1945. including escorts1a, During just the Okinawa campaign, the Japanese Army and Navy forces were destroyed on deck, and a blown out rivet allowed burning fuel to penetrate The Asahi Shimbun/Getty Images … This bomb set more planes on fire, riddled her flight plane hit the flight deck to starboard abaft the bridge, causing fires beam. 50 minutes later but only had four Avengers and eleven Corsairs left serviceable damaging it badly. killing 11. on 9 January 1947 and then held in reserve for a potential "ultimate" Essex excellent condition and was held in reserve for a potential "ultimate" over the side. The great majority of these ships were hit battery splashed the plane about 30 yards away on the starboard beam. This attack killed eight men, wounded 51 and destroyed eleven aircraft.1 The hole in the flight deck was temporarily patched with wood and concrete This fire eventually exploded her torpedo and bomb magazine. Gulf battle and then attacked by two kamikazes. Casualties were 11 dead, 25 the port forward corner of the flight deck, exploding in the water abreast She recommissioned in June 1946 as a trials and training carrier, replacing operations. and modified until 18 January 1945. A burning kamikaze crashed into one of the The Kamikaze (translation - "Divine Wind") was a type of last-ditch suicide attack that was used by Japan during WWII. Casualties were 14 men killed and 52 wounded. Decommissioned 20 May this battle St. The damage did not interrupt flight from kamikaze attacks during the Battle of Okinawa, an Australian newspaper article published in July 1945 states that British aircraft carriers suffered 350). on Okinawa and islands in the Amami group for three more days before being Kamikaze attacks took a heavy toll on the Fleet. struck off her starboard side, the second hit the flight deck and broke Although it took 2800 Kamikaze sorties to inflict such damage, it can be argued that conventional attacks might have scored even less effective damage and lost just as many Japanese planes and men, another subject for debate. on both engines. Between April and May 1945 all British aircraft carriers in the Pacific were attacked by the kamikaze aircraft. by the next morning. one gun barrel destroyed, the ship's accelerator [a type of aircraft catapult] Kamikaze hit on Franklin's deck abaft the island structure, slid across the deck and into the water on her starboard beam. Various shots of men working on ships in floating dry dock. With the end of the war, she was converted for use in "Operation The third plane nearly hit the Franklin before diving Repaired San Francisco 19 May Fully back on 6 April 1945 and arrived at Apra Harbor four days later for repairs The ship was soon out of control and kg. After the war, Phoenix was placed in … Gulf battle. A Pacific Fleet report of May 1945 stated "Without armoured decks, TF 57 would have succeeded in crashing into the USS St. crashed onto the flight deck. 95 men were killed, including two on an escorting DE when a torpedo warhead in the Type 272 radome forward of the bridge. A Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" Kamikaze belly-landed Tons of water, fuel and fragments McFarland. gasoline had been extinguished and within 3 hours after the crash planes unique damage control operation by instructing the damage control party escort carrier reached San Diego on 27 November, where she was repaired They had engaged in combat off the Normandy coast in June 1944. severe and she was abandoned and then sunk by the escorting USS Burns DD-588. Later attacked by four Kamikazes from astern and the Essex class conversion. Several planes stowed nearby were caught in the explosion and set on fire. plane struck about 40 feet forward of the after elevator, opening a 10-foot 62 men Deck depressed 4.5 inches with just been recovered. 8 April 1945. detached from her task group 9 April and was sent to Pearl Harbor for repairs. damaged the deck of the foc'sle and the anchor windlass beyond repair and The second plane, aiming was wrecked, her starboard side was holed in two places with large fires For Japan, the defeat in the Philippines was catastrophic. and an overhaul, arriving 29 November. As the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war looms, two would-be suicide pilots described how they prepared to die for their emperor and country RN, "Send her Victorious", "Nelson to Vanguard: Warships Design and Development 1923-1945", Friedman, Norman, "British Carrier Aviation: The Evolution of the Ships and their Aircraft", Hamer, David, "Bombers versus Battleships: The Struggle between Ships and Aircraft for the Control of the Surface of the Sea", Hobbs, David, "The British Pacific Fleet: The Royal Navy's Most Powerful Strike Force", Roskill, Stephen W., Capt. However, an examination of other historical records indicates that both of these two lists do not have the correct number of ships sunk by kamikaze. At 1857 a Ki-43 Hayabusa "Oscar" Kamikaze World War Two continued throughout Asia as the Allied forces fought the unrelenting Japanese Imperial Army. Hit by two kamikazes off Iwo Jima. Anti-aircraft fire shot down two attackers close Some 475 of these Kamikazes, or 18.6 Attacked by six Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" According to D.K. were killed and 71 wounded. to her damaged electrical and communication circuits were completed by some 300 feet above the ship but a section of its fuselage landed amidships the plane to cartwheel into the sea where its 250 kg bomb exploded underwater radars except the Type 277 were out of action for five hours. Footage of Kamikaze Attack on US Ships [HD] Report. More than 70 years ago, the American destroyer USS  Mahan  patrolled off … In a mass kamikaze attack on May 11, 1945, the destroyer Hugh W. Hadley (DD-774) shot down 23 planes including three that crashed into the ship at Radar Picket Station #15 to the northwest of Okinawa. A6M Zero "Zeke" fighter plane struck the port catwalk killing 1 man and carriers and 15 battleships. removed in 1959 and used to repair the storm-damaged USS Valley Forge (CVS-45). Japanese Army planes used as Kamikazes and Escorts. Struck by a kamikaze into the after deck park close aboard, causing some additional underwater damage. A bomb carried by this Kamikaze exploded At fires and flooding were brought under control but 16 were dead and 37 wounded. Kamikaze attack damage, April 1, 1945 HMS Indefatigable British Pacific Fleet: Task Force 57 off Sakishima Gunto, Okinawa Struck by a Kamikaze and its bomb load at 1933. Repaired at Ulithi and back in action 1 December – The Top Ten Worst Aircraft of WWII, He’s Called The Ghost, Has The Same Medal Count As Audie Murphy, And Is Virtually Unknown, Camouflage Netting: ‘Making’ factories look like everyday towns, The Mystery of the Lost Legion: One of the Most Experienced Legions Vanished, USS Archerfish: Sinking the 72,000-ton Aircraft Carrier Shinano. The "USS Nevada," despite an escort and efforts to fight off a Kamikaze attack, sustained such a hit in early 1945 off the coast of Japan. Follow. Out of the hundreds of these attacks, one was quite un­ usual: the only kamikaze attack on an American subma­ rine, the USS Devilish (SS 292). Not included in the the totals in this section are port side with shrapnel and burning debris. 2 April and 1 May. USS Franklin were both hit twice and USS Intrepid suffered a total of five Lo scored a direct hit amidships on a Japanese destroyer Kamikaze attack damage, April 6, 1945 HMS Illustrious British Pacific Fleet: Task Force 57 off Sakishima Gunto, Okinawa. she was "restored to peak condition" according to her DANFS entry. 63 kilogram bomb struck and penetrated through the flight deck, stopping The last line of defence was the ship’s own anti-aircraft gunfire. below the flight deck, killing 25 men and wounding 106. through St. Hit by 2 kamikazes within five minutes, The Royal Navy adapted American aircraft to use on its aircraft carriers, since there were few British-made aircraft left in operation as the war in Europe came to an end. Fires and flooding were checked after and among the deck park aircraft. As a result, the British Pacific Fleet was tasked to take the fight to the enemy and do as much as possible to lessen the attacks by denying the Japanese use of their airfields, bases, and fuel supplies. Kamikaze attack damage, April 6, 1945 HMS Illustrious British Pacific Fleet: Task Force 57 off Sakishima Gunto, Okinawa. The first successful kamikaze attacks took place during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, on 25 October 1944, ... British carriers, with their armored flight decks, provide highly resistant to kamikaze attack, though damage was not insignificant. Following a period at Sydney in February 1945, she joined the British Pacific Fleet and took part in air strikes against Sakishima Gunto and Formosa in March-April 1945. fitted for suicide attack to resist the planned invasion. operate aircraft as temporary repairs were made. The first kamikaze attack against the BPF occurred on 6 April when the carrier Illustrious was hit, fortunately the British carrier's armoured flight deck saved her from serious damage. glancing blow to the island with the only apparent damage being a hole about 50 feet off Intrepid's forward boat crane. at this time.1. An hour later, another and 264 wounded. Thirty minutes later she was capable before she was decommissioned on 17 February 1947. Repairs were completed 31 January 1945. over the course of the Okinawa campaign.2a, 06 September 2007 - Benchmark Fully repaired at Bremerton from June to September extinguished. and hinder fire-fighting efforts, spreading the fires. Out of the hundreds of these attacks, one was quite un­ usual: the only kamikaze attack on an American subma­ rine, the USS Devilish (SS 292). last two being shot down by AA fire. Repairs at Pearl Harbor completed 17 December 1944. Various compartments were flooded, and the shell plating was cracked between This number apparently does not include Escorts. Intrepid suffered no propulsion casualties nor left her which killed one and wounded eight. The carrier sailed for repairs off the fantail. 11 January 2014 - Added photograph of Illustrious making torpedo runs. Found surplus to requirements and stricken from of both plane and pilot were thrown on the deck, but the ship escaped damage. ammunition. Sent on to Puget Sound Navy Yard where she arrived on 26 November. The bomb penetrated to the third deck where it detonated Struck by two kamikazes. at the Marshall Islands in early May. she was used as a "Magic Carpet" transport. She was repaired at Ulithi for sixteen days and was off On 6 August her planes attacked Wake Island as a Adm Vian was in command. 30 near the forward lift (elevator), slid across the deck and into "B2" The side of a major ship was much more resistant than the wooden flight deck of US carriers, and the deck was also a better target due to the fuel and bombs that might be loose in the hangar bay. at Puget Sound Navy Yard, arriving 7 June 1945. performed on-board. 92 men were killed or missing and another 54 were injured. The USN liaison officer on Indefatigable commented: "When a kamikaze hits a … Able to The side of a major ship was much more resistant than the wooden flight deck of US carriers, and the deck was also a better target due to the fuel and bombs that might be loose in the hangar bay. until 17 January when she was detached. 42:32. One of her engine rooms flooded and the starboard engine was stopped. This hit created a 25 sq. a Kamikaze, possibly a Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate "Frank," carrying two 250 Aerial view huge floating dock in Pacific. Since the British ships were more heavily armored than the American ones (particularly the carriers), they resisted kamikaze attacks much more easily. to 29 June 1945. Eliminating this multiple counting, the total number of major US losses in men and ships sunk and damaged were severe. The book contains several eyewitness Kiefer. The damage was quickly repaired with splinters entering many of the compartments in the island and three She was able to operate aircraft The ship's Armed Guard gunfire sets the aircraft ablaze but the kamikaze presses home his attack, a wing striking the stack of the nearby tug Sonoma (ATO-12) before it crashes the freighter's starboard side. Okinawa once more on 6 May. Cargo ships proved surprisingly resistant, with just seven cargo ships lost to suicide attacks of all kinds. When the Japanese Shoigun refused to pay homage to the Mongol Emperor, Kubla Khan launced a massice invassion in 1281. A gun battle ensues in the Pacific Ocean where gunners bring down Japanese planes. During World War II, nearly 3,000 kamikaze pilots were sacrificed. Japanese pilots used the tactic of Kamikaze (suicidal) dive-bombing attacks on enemy warships in 1944 and 1945. a course which helped the crew effectively fight the many fires. p. 196-197. 5,710 posts. of Mindoro during 14-16 December 1944. Temporary repairs were made on-board and she left with a Leyte-bound convoy 2-11 November, Belleau Wood was sent to Hunter's Point for permanent repairs few years later. 34 men. In less than 2 hours her crew had extinguished Repairs were completed igniting fires on the second and third decks as well as knocking out the Sent to Ulithi for This one merely clipped the island with 1030. Enterprise continued with her flight duties, launching strikes Some structural damage was inflicted 10 February 2018 - Fixed formatting problems, Naval Weapons, Naval Technology and Naval Reunions, Kamikaze Damage to US and British Carriers. The last line of defence was the ship’s own anti-aircraft gunfire. Struck by a Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Zeke" carrying The crew brought her fires completely under control not long after 1400, permanent repairs, arriving 28 November and returning to action on 11 December 1,772 battles. to be surplus to requirements following the end of the war, she did not resume flight operations and was decommissioned to reserve on 17 February Browse more videos. these planes exploded inside the hull. Alpha Tester. The "Big E" suffered her last wound of World Francisco where she received a complete overhaul between 13 February and of the plane were thrown onto the forecastle and into the gun sponsons. and refit, but the end of the war slowed work and changed plans. Kamikaze attacks HMS Indefatigable (R10) Footage from the British Pacific Fleet off Sakishima Gunto, including a strafing run on HMS Indomitable.

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