It has very beautiful bluish green foliage with silver cuffs which turns yellow in autumn. It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries. Species Survival Commission. Features of this species include: (a) speckled, often thorny stems which are silvery or golden brown; (b) leathery elliptic leaves (2-3” long) with entire but often wavy margins which are grayish green with distinctive silver scales on the undersides; (c) fragrant, funnel-shaped, 4-petaled, silvery white to dull yellow flowers (each to 1/3” long) which bloom during the period of late April to early June in clusters (1-4 flowered umbels) drooping from the leaf axils; (d) fleshy, abundant, scale-dotted, edible fruits which ripen to a speckled red in early fall (September-October); (e) abundant seeds, many of which are widely disseminated by birds to often distant locations. Seeds are dispersed by birds. I am beginning a fews threads on trees that I would enjoy documenting the process of. Elaeagnus umbellata grows as a deciduous shrub or small tree, typically up to 3.5 metres (11 ft) tall, with a dense crown. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16â tall and to 20-30â wide. A single autumn olive plant can produce an abundant annual crop of edible fruits (to 80 pounds) containing up to 200,000 seeds. Elaeagnus umbellata 'Autumn Olive' Autumn Olive is not related to true olives, which depending on how you feel about olives could be a good or bad thing. In areas where it is not considered to be invasive, it can be used as an effective background plant, screen or informal hedge. Kartesz and Meacham recognize the variety Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Japanese beetles and 17 year locusts feed on the leaves. A member of the Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb is also known by its common name of Autumn Olive. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It's self-fertile, and berries ripen in September. The twigs and undersides of leaves are covered with silvery scales (and a few brown scales) and the fruit is red and juicy. This is a nitrogen-fixing shrub/small tree that tolerates a wide variety of soils including poor unfavorable ones. From May to June, it is adorned with very beautiful yellowish white flowers, very fragrant and honey. They are high in vitamin A and E, bioactive compounds, minerals, flavonoids and proteins. This is mostly just for my own benefit, but I DO like to share. Autumn olive is often found in dense impenetrable thickets. Leaves are 24 inches long; they are silvery on both sides when young, later dark green above and silvery beneath. Broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree, 6-12 ft (1.8-3.7 m) high, equal spread, irregular habit, branches often thorny, twigs yellow-brown or silvery. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. I reaaaally enjoy silverberries (which I found out JUST this year).. mmmm thorns and flowers pique my interest. The Goumi plant is grown in some places for its edible fruit though predominantly it is grown as an ornamental shrub. We used this plant to stabilize and revegetate road banks and also for strip mine reclamation. Wild Olive. Birds and animals consume the fruits and help distribute the seed. The fragrant small white flowers reach peak bloom around mid-May. Elaeagnus umbellata is a thorny shrub native to Asia. The wild olive is a tree mainly cultivated for its fruit, which, in general, is acid and eatable. Goumi or Gumi scientifically known as Elaeagnus multiflora are the fruit of the deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub of the Elaeagnaceae family. Elaeagnus umbellata is a many-branched, deciduous shrubby tree that can grow from 10 to 16 feet. It grows in a range of habitats, including forest edges, savannas, pastures, and prairies. var. Leaves are green and distinctly scaly above, silvery and scaly below. The currently accepted scientific name for autumn-olive is Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. This plant is listed as a noxious weed in one or more Midwestern states outside Missouri and should not be moved or grown under conditions that would involve danger of dissemination. parvifolia (Royle) Schneid. It was introduced into the U.S. from Japan in 1830, with initial uses including strip mine reclamation areas, ornamental shrub applications and wildlife cover/food. Fast growing and long-lived, Elaeagnus are most often used in the landscape to form quick natural or formal evergreen hedges and screens. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Autumn Olive. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Elaeagnus umbellata. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Elaeagnus macrophylla â an evergreen shrub, with young, silvery leaves that turn dark green and typically fragrant flowers in autumn, followed by edible fruits in late spring. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Autumn olive is a shrub or small tree that has distinctively silvery leaves. Leaves which are silvery at first maturing to bright green on upper surface. It prefers consistently moist soil conditions, but is tolerant of drought. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The Elaeagnus genus (Autumn Olive, Goumi, Silverberry, and Trebizond Date) consists of shrubs and trees that produce fruits with remarkable qualities. It has simple, alternate oval leaves with silvery undersides (but not as silvery as Russian olive). It is native to China, Japan and Korea. Physical Characteristics. Arching trunks produce arching branches which often dip to the ground.