Anything shown on this website is for informational purposes only, and shouldn’t be seen as any kind of advice, such a medical, legal, or other type of advice. Ask the patient if they currently take any medications (prescription and OTC). It may be best to put all of their medications into a bag and bring them with you to the hospital to save time. Copyright © 2020 EMS1. Request product info from top ePCR– Electronic Patient Care Reporting companies. Name * Email * Website. Asking a patient if they have any allergies is very important during the patient assessment. Example “Pertinent Medical History” Questions: Example “Events Leading to Illness/Injury” Questions: LED FlashLight Batteries- How Long they Last, 15 Must Have EMS Items for EMTs and Paramedics, How to Charge your Phone when the Power is Out. Try Free NREMT practice test today Scene size up Level of consciousness Airway Breathing O2 Circulation Art Bleeding Bare chest. M- Medications 4. The parts of the mnemonic are: Onset of the event What the patient was doing when it started (active, inactive, stressed, etc. Many patients do not want to tell you that they are taking E.D. SAMPLE questions are asked of any patient. If you know of a variation, or one I haven't posted here, please email me. Remember, SAMPLE findings can confirm indications for a treatment as well as contraindications, like a medication allergy, to a prehospital intervention. For example, a patient suffering a heart attack … What does OPQRST mean? As a first responder to the patient, you may be the only person that has the opportunity to ask the patient these questions (if they lose consciousness). Someone with abdominal pain that just ate a fatty meal may be having gallbladder issues. EMS Mnemonics (memory device) Thread starter EMS123; ... Next. Starting with S: signs and symptoms. If the patient has not been eating or drinking much because they are nauseated, this can lead to further problems. The reasons for rescue failure can be recalled by the mnemonic FAILURE. More ePCR– Electronic Patient Care Reporting Articles, More ePCR– Electronic Patient Care Reporting Deals. An Example of Signs are: Sweating, visible blood, vomit on the floor, etc… An Example of Symptoms are: Nausea, Headache, abdominal Pain, etc… Even though the SAMPLE history is gathered during the secondary assessment during EMT school, you will obviously gather some of the Signs/Symptoms when you first arrive on scene. Signs are what you can measure, such as heart rate or respiratory rate. For patients with abdominal pain complaints, asking about their last outs – urination and bowel movements – is relevant and appropriate. If you haven't already, this is another chance to ask the patient about recreational or illegal drug use. If you want to know more about medications, which you should, don't hesitate to ask the patient what conditions they take those medications for or use a drug guide app on your smartphone. The results of SAMPLE can help identify the cause of a medical condition, like anaphylaxis secondary to ingestion of an allergen. medications; if you ask them this question directly, they are more likely to answer honestly because they realize you are asking it for a reason (emphasize its importance). RICES is used to help remind you of actions to take to treat closed, soft-tissue injuries. “SAMPLE” is a first aid mnemonic acronym used for a person’s medical assessment. This may be called “Tools” or use an icon like the cog. The point of this is that many patients don’t know what their condition is called, or are very knowledgeable about it. limits the patient's response to just medications. For example, do they have a local or systemic reaction? If you need further help setting your homepage, check your browser’s Help menu, Webinar: Reimagining Resuscitation: Behind the scenes of Rialto’s breakthrough, Deprioritizing epi in the cardiac arrest order of interventions, Use SAMPLE history to assess the patient's complaint and make treatment decisions. Reply. The Last Oral intake can also provide you clues for patients who have food poisoning, an allergic reaction, or that are hypotensive (inadequate hydration can lead to hypotension).