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According to the 2013 census, the primary employment industries of Auckland residents are professional, scientific and technical services (11.4 percent), manufacturing (9.9 percent), retail trade (9.7 percent), health care and social assistance (9.1 percent), and education and training (8.3 percent). In Auckland city itself, the main street is Queen Street, which ends in Queen Elizabeth Square at Customs Street. Enable JavaScript to see Google Maps. Parnell. In 2009, much of the northern and western suburbs, as well as all of Northland, experienced a blackout when a forklift accidentally came into contact with the Ōtāhuhu to Henderson 220 kV line, the only major line supplying the region. The Māori population in the area is estimated to have peaked at 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. Map of Auckland Central area hotels: Locate Auckland Central hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. [69] The Waitematā Harbour has several swimming beaches, including Mission Bay and Kohimarama on the south side of the harbour, and Stanley Bay on the north side. [26] This, and continued road building towards the south into the Waikato, enabled Pākehā (European New Zealanders) influence to spread from Auckland. Trams and railway lines shaped Auckland's rapid expansion in the early first half of the 20th century. By the time the first Fencibles arrived in 1848, the Northern War had concluded. [39] Snowflakes were also seen on 28 July 1930 and 15 August 2011. Most of the Irish (though not all) were from Protestant Ulster. [1] 135,000 yachts and launches are registered in Auckland, and around 60,500 of the country's 149,900 registered yachtsmen are from Auckland,[69] with about one in three Auckland households owning a boat. A light rail network is also planned. Parliament met in what is now Old Government House on the University of Auckland's City campus. Beyond these suburbs lie the towns of Wellsford, Warkworth and Helensville to the north, and Clevedon, Pukekohe and Waiuku to the south. Auckland has a considerable number of rugby union and cricket grounds, and venues for association football, netball, rugby league, basketball, hockey, ice hockey, motorsports, tennis, badminton, swimming, rowing, golf and many other sports. Auckland (/ˈɔːklənd/ AWK-lənd; Māori: Tāmaki Makaurau) is a large metropolitan city in the North Island of New Zealand. [54] Immigration from overseas into Auckland is partially offset by net emigration of people from Auckland to other regions of New Zealand, mainly Waikato and Bay of Plenty. [125] Auckland has also been called a very pedestrian- and cyclist-unfriendly city, though some efforts are being made to change this,[126] with Auckland being a major participant in the government's "Urban Cycleways" initiative, and with the "SkyPath" project for a walk and cycleway on the Auckland Harbour Bridge having received Council support, and planning consent.[127][128]. This is compared with $747,000 in Wellington metro, $604,000 in Hamilton, $508,000 in Christchurch, and $207,000 in the Buller District (the area with the lowest average house price in New Zealand). As you browse around the map, you can select different parts of the map by pulling across it interactively as well as zoom in and out it to find: Where is Auckland located on the world map; You can also expand it to fill the entire screen rather than just working with the map on one part of the screen. Outlying defensive towns were then constructed to the south, stretching in a line from the port village of Onehunga in the west to Howick in the east. Parnell is Auckland’s oldest neighbourhood, and looks very much like an old-time village. Auckland straddles a volcanic field, which has produced about 90 volcanic eruptions from 50 volcanoes in the last 90,000 years. Need a special Auckland Region map? The majority are state schools, but 63 schools are state-integrated and 39 are private. [4], The Auckland urban area had a usual resident population of 1,346,091 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 122,343 people (10.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 212,484 people (18.7%) since the 2006 census. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. [61] However, subdividing such properties with 'infill housing' has long been the norm. [111] For trips to the city centre at peak times the use of public transport is much higher, with more than half of trips undertaken by bus, train or ferry. [84], Housing varies considerably between some suburbs having state owned housing in the lower income neighbourhoods, to palatial waterfront estates, especially in areas close to the Waitematā Harbour. Meanwhile, traffic problems, the lack of good public transport, and increasing housing costs have been cited by many Aucklanders as among the strongest negative factors of living there,[66] together with crime. Immigration to New Zealand is heavily concentrated towards Auckland (partly for job market reasons). There are two harbours surrounding this isthmus: Waitematā Harbour to the north, which opens east to the Hauraki Gulf and thence to the Pacific Ocean, and Manukau Harbour to the south, which opens west to the Tasman Sea. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, religion, country of birth, ethnic group). Auckland has various small regional airports and Auckland Airport, the busiest of the country. [117] Following the opening of Britomart Transport Centre in 2003, major investment in Auckland's rail network occurred, involving station upgrades, rolling stock refurbishment and infrastructure improvements. Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities – although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003. Geology of the Auckland urban area… [56], Recent immigration from Asia has added to the religious diversity of the city, increasing the number of people affiliating with Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism, although there are no figures on religious attendance. Because of its rich acidic soil and the type of flora growing out of the rocky soil, only a few birds and insects inhabit the island. [129] The five-week-long 1998 Auckland power crisis blacked out much of the CBD after a cascade failure occurred on four underground cables in Mercury Energy's sub-transmission network. [6] The word Tāmaki itself generally meaning an omen.[7]. The west coast has popular surf beaches such as Piha, Muriwai and Te Henga (Bethells Beach). [64], Auckland's lifestyle is influenced by the fact that while it is 70 percent rural in land area, 90 percent of Aucklanders live in urban areas[65] – though large parts of these areas have a more suburban character than many cities in Europe and Asia. Auckland is part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the category of music.[71]. [30], The Auckland central business district (CBD)—the city centre—is the most built-up area of the region. The passing of the Energy Companies Act 1992 saw all three EPBs corporatised to become Power New Zealand, Mercury Energy, and Counties Power respectively. In some areas, the Victorian villas have been torn down to make way for redevelopment. [49] It is the only city in the world built on a basaltic volcanic field that is still active. Auckland Region HD blank relief map Auckland Region printable HD outline map. On 20 March 1840 in the Manukau Harbour area where Ngāti Whātua farmed, paramount chief Āpihai Te Kawau signed Te Tiriti o Waitangi the Treaty of Waitangi. [50] The most recent and by far the largest volcano, Rangitoto Island, was formed within the last 1000 years, and its eruptions destroyed the Māori settlements on neighbouring Motutapu Island some 700 years ago. Rangitoto's size, its symmetry, its position guarding the entrance to Waitematā Harbour and its visibility from many parts of the Auckland region make it Auckland's most iconic natural feature. [123] With public transport declining heavily during the second half of the 20th century (a trend mirrored in most Western countries such as the US),[124] and increased spending on roads and cars, New Zealand (and specifically Auckland) now has the second-highest vehicle ownership rate in the world, with around 578 vehicles per 1000 people. [114] This strong roading focus results in substantial traffic congestion during peak times.[115]. [79] The largest commercial and industrial areas of the Auckland Region are Auckland CBD and the western parts of Manukau, mostly bordering the Manukau Harbour and the Tamaki River estuary. Found this useful? The total coastline of Auckland is 3,702 kilometres (2,300 mi) long.[34]. [citation needed] Tourist attractions and landmarks in Auckland include: Auckland Council maintains relationships with the following cities[134], This article is about the urban area. Today, Auckland's central business district is New Zealand's leading economic hub. Surface features include cones, lakes, lagoons, islands and depressions, and several have produced extensive lava flows. [59], Auckland is experiencing substantial population growth via natural population increases (one-third of growth) and immigration (two-thirds),[60] and is set to grow to an estimated 1.9 million inhabitants by 2031[61][62] in a medium-variant scenario. 333 reviews. The outermost suburbs are Orewa in the north, Papakura in the south, Henderson in the west and Howick in the east. When you have eliminated the JavaScript , whatever remains must be an empty page. Smaller parks close to the city centre are Albert Park, Myers Park, Western Park and Victoria Park. He was re-elected for a second term in October 2013. Auckland also has a total length of approximately 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) of rivers and streams, about 8 percent of these in urban areas. Data from July 2014 to April 2017, policedata.nz. continued road building towards the south, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race, Demographics of Auckland § Future growth, New Zealand International Comedy Festival, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, electrification of Auckland's rail network, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, "Punters love City of Sails - National - NZ Herald News", "Population density: are we talking about the same thing? past midnight) are limited, even on weekends. Among the more important tertiary educational institutes are the University of Auckland, Auckland University of Technology, Massey University, Manukau Institute of Technology and Unitec New Zealand. Auckland Airport is possibly not the first place to spring to mind, unless you’re an avid plane spotter. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of about 1,470,100 (June 2020). This substantial increase in population will have a major impact on transport, housing and other infrastructure that are, particularly in the case of housing, already considered under pressure. ", https://maoridictionary.co.nz/search?idiom=&phrase=&proverb=&loan=&histLoanWords=&keywords=T%C4%81maki, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/auckland-region, "Auckland among world's most expensive cities", "Best UK cities revealed in Mercer's quality of life rankings for 2019", "Cultural Values Assessment in Support of the Notices of Requirement for the Proposed City Rail Link Project", "The long lost diorama of Auckland which reveals the city of 1939", "Slide to war - The Treaty in practice | NZHistory, New Zealand history online", "The transport plan that changed Auckland - Greater Auckland", "Auckland Region – Driving the Economy: 1980s Onwards", "Auckland places - Auckland central business district", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "Overview of New Zealand Climate—Northern New Zealand", "Snow falls in Auckland for first time in decades", "Air pollutants – Carbon monoxide (CO)", "MetService Auckland historical averages", "Seven eruptions have covered Auckland in ash", "Age and sex by ethnic group (grouped total response), for census usually resident population counts, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (urban rural areas)", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)", "New Zealand – A Regional Profile – Auckland", "New Zealand's population is drifting north – Population mythbusters", "2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity – data tables", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 (RC, TA) – NZ.Stat", "Auckland Hebrew Community ~ Introduction page", Quality of Living global city rankings 2009, "Passion for boating runs deep in Auckland", "Auckland joins UNESCO Creative Cities network", "Ports of Auckland Round the Bays (Official)", "Eden Park to host Final and semi-finals", "ITU World Championship Series Grand Final", "2013 Census QuickStats about work and unpaid activities", "Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey", "NZ house prices are among the most unaffordable in the world: survey", "Auckland's New York House Prices Prompt Lending Curbs: Mortgages", "Unitary Plan Key Topics: Historic Heritage and Special Character", Royal Commission of inquiry for Auckland welcomed, Minister Releases Report Of Royal Commission, "Directory of Schools – as at 1 February 2012", "Ministry of Education - Education Counts", Survey of English Language Providers – Year ended March 2006, English Language Schools in New Zealand – Auckland, "Map List | Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency", "The history of the Auckland Harbour Bridge", "Spaghetti junction stadium: Is motorway jungle best fit for Auckland? West Auckland is the western part of the metropolitan area of Auckland and also the Waitakere Range. After losing its status as capital, Auckland remained the principal city of the Auckland Province until the provincial system was abolished in 1876. This is the largest gift ever made to an art museum in Australasia. The Housing Accords and Special Housing Areas Act 2013 mandated that a minimum of 10 percent of new builds in certain housing areas be subsidised to make them affordable for buyers who had incomes on par with the national average. Today, Vector owns and operates the majority of the distribution network in urban Auckland, with Counties owning and operating the network south of central Papakura. West Auckland from Mapcarta, the free map. Private vehicles are the main form of transportation within Auckland, with around seven percent of journeys in the Auckland region undertaken by bus in 2006,[111] and two percent undertaken by train and ferry. Waitake Ranges, Piha, Karekare Beach, & Bethells Beach.. About. [131] Transpower spent $1.25 billion in the early 2010s reinforcing the supply into and across Auckland, including a 400 kV-capable transmission line from the Waikato River to Brownhill substation (operating initially at 220 kV), and 220 kV underground cables between Brownhill and Pakuranga, and between Pakuranga and Albany via the CBD. Click on area to see number of victimisations in your area. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea. [5] At the 2018 census, 48.1% of people living in the Auckland urban area were European/Pākehā, 11.5% were Māori, 17.5% were Pacific peoples, 31.6% were Asian, 2.5% were Middle Eastern, Latin American and/or African, and 1.0% were other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities). Additionally, Auckland regularly hosts the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra and Royal New Zealand Ballet. Auckland also benefited from a surge in tourism, which brought 75 percent of New Zealand's international visitors through its airport. The surrounding hills are covered in rainforest and the landscape is dotted with 53 dormant volcanic cones. Auckland is a major cruise ship stopover point, with the ships usually tying up at Princes Wharf. Parts of Waiheke Island effectively function as Auckland suburbs, while various smaller islands near Auckland are mostly zoned 'recreational open space' or are nature sanctuaries. The high pressure transmission pipelines supplying the city are now owned and operated by First Gas, with Vector owning and operating the medium and low pressure distribution pipelines in the city. For the wider region, see, Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand. Auckland Airport, New Zealand's largest, is in the southern suburb of Māngere on the shores of the Manukau Harbour. ", "Subnational population estimates tables", "Auckland Transport Plan landmark for transport sector", "Auckland offering more flights than ever to international destinations", Backtracking Auckland: Bureaucratic rationality and public preferences in transport planning, US Urban Personal Vehicle & Public Transport Market Share from 1900, "SkyPath over Auckland Harbour Bridge gets green light", "A crisis recalled: The power cuts that plunged the Auckland CBD in darkness for five weeks", "Forklift sparks blackout for thousands – tvnz.co.nz", "International relations - Ngā Whakawhanaunga Tūārangi o te Ao", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Auckland&oldid=991615872, Former provincial capitals of New Zealand, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from June 2013, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from July 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Auckland's men's first class cricket team, the, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:57. Auckland is one of the few cities in the world to have a harbour on each of two separate major bodies of water. [31] Auckland's metropolitan area is made up of over two hundred suburban areas. The Whangaparaoa Peninsula, Orewa, Omaha and Pakiri, to the north of the main urban area, are also nearby. New arrivals from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Korea gave a distinctive character to the areas where they clustered, while a range of other immigrants introduced mosques, Hindu temples, halal butchers and ethnic restaurants to the suburbs. [56], Around 48.5 percent of Aucklanders at the 2013 census affiliated with Christianity and 11.7 percent affiliated with non-Christian religions, while 37.8 percent of the population were irreligious and 3.8 percent objected to answering. These reduced the Auckland Region's reliance on Otahuhu substation and northern and western Auckland's reliance on the Ōtāhuhu to Henderson line. Visit the West Coast's black-sand beaches, explore one … © Jon Sparks / Alamy Stock Photo. One of Auckland's nicknames, the "City of Sails", is derived from the popularity of sailing in the region. Work began in late 2015 to provide more route flexibility and connect Britomart more directly to western suburbs on the Western Line via an underground rail tunnel known as the City Rail Link project. Map of Auckland area hotels: Locate Auckland hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Central Auckland North Auckland South Auckland East Auckland West Auckland Hauraki Gulf and Islands Maps and guides Taste . Between 1842 and 1865, Auckland was the capital city of New Zealand. The city is supplied from Transpower's national grid from thirteen substations across the city. Quay Street runs along the Waitemata Harbour front. Auckland comprises a diversity of architectural styles owing to its early beginnings as a settlement, to the Victorian era right through to the contemporary era of the late 20th century. [121] In terms of international flights, Auckland is the second-best connected city in Oceania. Tourism in Auckland yields strong revenue for the New Zealand economy. The University of Auckland, founded in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Prominent historic buildings in Auckland include the Dilworth Building, the Auckland Ferry Terminal, Guardian Trust Building, Old Customs House, Landmark House, the Auckland Town Hall and the Britomart Transport Centre–many of these are located on the main thoroughfare of Queen Street. Freight usually arrives at or is distributed from the port via road, though the port facilities also have rail access. Auckland's housing is amongst the least affordable in the world, based on comparing average house prices with average household income levels[86][87] and house prices have grown well above the rate of inflation in recent decades. [8][13] The introduction of firearms at the end of the eighteenth century, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating intertribal warfare beginning in 1807, causing iwi who lacked the new weapons to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids. [106] As of 2007[update], there are around 50 New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) certified schools and institutes teaching English in the Auckland area.[107]. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. A Royal Commission on Auckland Governance was set up in 2007,[94][95] and in 2009 it recommended a unified local governance structure for Auckland by amalgamating the councils. [citation needed], Positive aspects of Auckland life are its mild climate, plentiful employment and educational opportunities, as well as numerous leisure facilities. [116] Auckland is connected with other cities through bus services operated by InterCity. The city's varied cultural institutions—such as the Auckland War Memorial Museum, the Museum of Transport and Technology, and Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki—and national historic sites, festivals, performing arts, and sports activities are significant tourist attractions. Appetite for Auckland … The region was now the nerve centre of the national economy. The isthmus on which Auckland resides was first settled c. 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land. It is estimated that the field will stay active for about one million years. The city's population grew fairly rapidly, from 1,500 in 1841 to 3,635 in 1845,[26] then to 12,423 by 1864. Auckland was one of the original nine towns and cities in New Zealand to be supplied with natural gas when the Kapuni gas field entered production in 1970 and a 340 km long high pressure pipeline from the field in Taranaki to the city was completed. [9] It has throughout most of its history been the nation's largest city. The demolition of the older houses is being combated through increased heritage protection for older parts of the city. [108] Numerous arterial roads also provide regional and sub-regional connectivity, with many of these roads (especially on the isthmus) previously used to operate Auckland's former tram network.

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