Both are dried for later use. The leaves are harvested in early summer before the plant flowers, the roots are harvested in the autumn. Some caution is advised, however, especially in the internal use of the herb. The leaf blades do not hug the stem. The borage and comfrey plants are two different species, but they are members of the same plant family and look very similar when not in bloom. purple flowers the bees adore. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications ... Cynoglossum virginianum L. – wild comfrey ... Common names are from state and federal lists. He started there in the mid-1970s, when comfrey leaf was a major part of their harvest. Comfrey Russian, Symphytum ×uplandicum, Warsaw Botanical Garden. For example, it is not possible to identify a plant brought directly from the Caucasus. This is a picture of wild comfrey plants that grow in abundance by the river on my land. In early spring, the young leaves of both plants look very similar, however, there are key features to help with identification: Comfrey – Comfrey leaves have smooth, uninterrupted edges, and sparse, but bristly hairs. After those leaves are established, it then grows the central flower … It can grow up to 5 feet tall. The root and leaves are anodyne, astringent (mild), demulcent, emollient, expectorant, haemostatic, refrigerant, vulnerary. Steven Fosterlives in Eureka Springs, Arkansas and been an herbalist for over 40 years. Though it grows naturally in northern Europe, most populations are patches that have persisted after being introduced into cultivation. Discover (and save!) The large leaves are broadly lance-shaped. Do not use with Eucalyptus. Identify my common comfrey It is an herbaceous plant that can reach 1.5 meters, with slender, thick, rough and hairy leaves. In the 1970s, scientists discovered the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) in comfrey that could harm the liver. Young shoots can be used as an asparagus substitute. May cause loss of appetite, abdominal pain, vomiting. Other English names include Quaker comfrey, cultivated comfrey, boneset, knitbone, consound, and slippery-root. The short calyx lobes have pointed tips. The plant contains a substance called ‘allantoin’, a cell proliferant that speeds up the healing process. The species most popular as a garden plant is Symphytum officianale, a tuberous-rooted clumping perennial.It is a tall, easy-to-care-for plant, also used as livestock feed and for making compost. Largest concentrations are found in the roots, leaves contain higher quantities of the alkaloid as they grow older and young leaves contain almost none. Hi there, I would like to make some comfrey fertiliser but I'm having a problem identifying what is comfrey and what isn't. I’s leaves look the same as the ones in your photo’s but I planted it, thinking it was a small shrub and it is now about 3 metres high. is native to Europe and Asia and there are 40 recorded species throughout that region. I saw this nearby. Other English names include Quaker comfrey, cultivated comfrey… Master the use of comfrey and you'll never need to buy expensive fertiliser again. He started with the Sabbathday Lake Shaker Community Herb Department in Maine, America’s oldest herb business, dating back to 1799. The genus is not very large-several dozen species have been described, half of which do not deserve independence, but clearly something has not been done with the classification. wild comfrey. your own Pins on Pinterest before the flowers appear, just wanted to capture the look of those upright textured leaves. This has a very limited range of application, but is of great benefit in the treatment of broken bones and eye injuries. wild comfrey. Connecticut. The ½-inch-long rose to bluish flowers are usually larger than those of common comfrey, and their lobes are erect. He started there in the mid-1970s, when comfrey leaf was a major part of their harvest. The History of Rosemary: Discovering the Medicinal... 8 Festive Ways to Use Herbs in Your Holiday Decor. Mark unread; Skip to new; Mark unread Print Skip to new. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Older leaves can be dried and used as a tea. Prickly Comfrey, Symphytum asperum. SOLVED: Comfrey or Virginia Bluebells? Prickly comfrey (S. asperum) does not have winged stems, and the upper leaves are on very short stalks. Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Plant Identification page from our book Foraging & Feasting: A Field Guide and Wild Food Cookbook by Dina Falconi; illustrated by Wendy Hollender. Symphytum officinale is a perennial flowering plant in the family Boraginaceae.Along with thirty four other species of Symphytum, it is known as comfrey.To differentiate it from other members of the genus Symphytum, this species is known as common comfrey or true comfrey. The plant was rated in fourth place for per day nectar production per flower in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. The stalk itself is distinctly winged. The peeled roots are cut up and added to soups. Use topically on unbroken skin. I took some pictures but they won't … Stout plant to 1.2 metres. For example I picked some leaves that were growing wild near me but now I think they could be young foxglove plants! Simply layer the wilted leaves at the bottom of the potato trench or apply them as a mulch in no-dig gardens. A liquid feed can be obtained by soaking the leaves in a small amount of water for a week, excellent for potassium demanding crops such as tomatoes. The stems and leaves are covered with stout, flattened, recurved prickles. The younger, higher up leaves are more succulent to use as a green but the older, thicker leaves are better for making fritters from. Habitat: It is native to Europe and it is known elsewhere, including North America, as an introduced species and sometimes a weed. It can be chopped up finely and added to salads, in this way the hairiness is not so obvious. The Romans and Greeks cultivated comfrey as far back as 400BC for its medicinal properties. I have a one-year old perennial garden with this beautiful plant that is a mystery. A detailed look at the life cycle of Wild comfrey (Cynoglossum virginianum). Nowadays Russian comfrey is cultivated mainly as an ornamental plant, even though the beauty of the small flower is easily lost in the mass of large leaves. He started with the Sabbathday Lake Shaker Community Herb Department in Maine, America’s oldest herb business, dating back to 1799. Leaves begin to appear as early as January/February. The blanched stalks are used. I don't recall if I … This means that this plant not only produces a great deal of sugar in its nectar on a daily basis, it provides a lot of nectar when compared to other UK plants tested in that survey on a yearly basis, making it a strong source of nectar overall. In S. officinale, the anther (the yellow, pollen-bearing part of the stamen) is about as wide as the filament (stalk) on which it sits. Damp, often shady localities, in meadows, woods etc, especially near streams and rivers. Also known as: True comfrey. The plant most commonly referred to and used in gardens is Russian comfrey - Symphytum x uplandicum, a naturally occurring hybrid of two wild species: common comfrey - Symphytum officinale and prickly comfrey … Comfrey is a herb, with a huge range of uses. Florida. Here is that same patch of comfrey… Originating in Southwest Asia, it is naturalized in Europe as well as in parts of the eastern United States. Symphytum Symphytum caucasicum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Boraginales Family: Boraginaceae Subfamily: Boraginoideae Genus: Symphytum L. Type species Symphytum officinale L. Species See text. Comfrey is one of the best plants to have in the garden. The calyx segments are distinctly lance-shaped (long and narrow). Jan 23, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Kristofer Logan. It is tolerant of being cut several times a year and can be used to provide ‘instant compost’ for crops such as potatoes. Comfrey identification 21-04-2020, 08:16 AM. Comfrey leaves can be used as a mulch around plants to break down and act as a slow-release source of plant nutrients. Leaves are basal, alternate on the lower stem and may be opposite in the upper plant, 2 to 10 inches long, ¾ to 4 inches wide, lance-elliptic to egg-shaped, toothless, bristly hairy, tapering to a pointed tip and narrowing at … In the wild, comfrey occurs in moist grasslands and riverbanks throughout most of Europe, though it is rare in the extreme south; it is a naturalized alien in much of northern Europe and the eastern United States. Deep Breath In: Best Herbs for Your Respiratory Health, This Miracle Nutrient Can Effectively Deal With Joint Pain, Herbal Oil Treatment Soothes Childhood Earache, Ginger Combination Helps Ease Symptoms of Osteoarthritis. Although it is considered by many to be a weed. The lookalike to be most concerned about is Foxglove Digitalis purpurea. Comfrey is the organic gardener's best friend. How people can help Our gardens are a vital resource for wildlife, providing corridors of green space between open countryside, allowing species to move about. The leaves narrowly hug the main stalk. Unfortunately, comfrey bears a stigma. Comfrey is a powerful healing plant that is sometimes called the king of the vulneraries (healing plants). Comfrey is a shrub that grows in parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. Special Concern. The leaves are also a very valuable addition to the compost heap. Comfrey leaves are added to compost heaps to stimulate the composting process. Comfrey is a commonly used herbal medicine with a long and proven history in the treatment of various complaints. “I love plants and sharing information and imagery about the human experience with medicinal and aromatic plants.” This substance is now synthesized in the pharmaceutical industry and used in healing creams. Russian, Common and Prickly Comfrey, learning how to know them when you see them. More. Unlike other comfrey species, S. officinale has smooth, shining nutlets (seeds), but these are rarely seen. The root and the leaves are used, the root being more active, and they can be taken internally or used externally as a poultice. Description: Symphytum officinale is a perennial growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a fast rate. Do not combine with herbs containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids (e.g. External applications and internally taken teas or tinctures of the leaves are considered to be completely safe, but internal applications of tablets or capsules are felt to have too many drawbacks for safe usage. agrimony, alpine ragwort, help, tansy ragwort). Both have medicinal uses but carry a risk of liver problems when used incorrectly. Comfrey is a plant. Historically, comfrey was used as to heal wounds and broken bones, leading it to be alternately referred to as knitbone or bruisewort. Flowering stalks have leaves attached in an alternating pattern up the stem. The leaf is hairy and the texture is mucilaginous. The roasted roots are used with dandelion and chicory roots for making coffee. If Comfrey gets out of control in your garden send in the chickens – they love it! The anthers are significantly shorter than the filaments. Plant Identification; SOLVED: Comfrey or Virginia Bluebells? A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root, harvested before the plant flowers. Russian comfrey (S. x uplandicum) is a hybrid between common comfrey (S. officinale) and prickly comfrey (S. asperum), and grows four to six feet tall. A member of the borage family, comfrey - Symphytum spp. A tea is made from the dried leaves and roots. I hope it helps. 9 out of 10 plants have purple flowers, while remaining one's flowers are white with just a touch of purple. Common Comfrey is a popular plant in herbal medicine and is regularly used to treat sprains, bruises and wounds, and to ease the pain of arthritis. It has a dense, clumping habit and grows up to 3 feet in height. Stems erect, widely winged. Wikimedia commons. The flowers are dark purple changing to blue or pinkish changing to pink-blue. Comfrey . How to identify Comfrey, Knitbone, Symphytum officinale. Wild comfrey (Cynoglossum virginianum) is a beautifully simple plant. The middle and upper leaves are without stems, but the point at which they attach to the stems extends downward to the stalk. It has only narrow wings on the main stalk, and they end between the internodes. Young leaves – cooked or raw. Watch Reply. Hans / Pixabay. Foxglove – Young leaves have a softly serrated edge, and many soft hairs; So much that they feel velvety. I have been taught that the main differences between the Bocking Comfrey's #4 and #14 were that the Bocking #4 is self-seeding, very deep-rooted, it will thrive in drought where most other plants are helpless, higher protein, where as the Bocking #14 strain of Comfrey is shallow-rooted and subject to drought and it is disliked … Even though this plant contains poisonous chemicals called pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), some people use the leaf, root, and root-like stem (rhizome) to make medicine. The comfrey plant is a perennial, blooming in the spring/summer and dying back in fall/winter. See also the notes above on toxicity. In the middle of the tuft of leaves, flowering stems emerge, bearing bells with different colors depending on the variety. The plant grows very quickly, producing a lot of bulk. frogandtoad Delaware, OH Jun 23, 2005. Comfrey is rated as a highly effective plant for attracting bees as it has a long flowering period and is suitable for long and short-tongued species. Comfrey flowers are above all much loved by bees: an almost failsafe way of bringing the buzz of honeybees to one’s garden is to plant comfrey there. “I love plants and sharing information and imagery about the human experience with medicinal and aromatic plants.” You can follow Steven through his website. Comfrey has a deep taproot and is a dynamic accumulator, which means that it brings up important nutrients from the soil that other plants benefit from, thus making it a great companion plant. Cordyline Australis. Leaves large and coarse, ... Because Comfrey hybridizes freely and is so difficult to identify with certainty we have decided to treat Common Comfrey as an aggregate. Most people would have to consume very large quantities of the plant in order to do any harm, though anyone with liver problems should obviously be more cautious. Symphytum is a genus of flowering plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae. This plant contains small quantities of a toxic alkaloid which can have a cumulative effect upon the liver. In general, the health-promoting properties of the plant probably far outweigh any possible disbenefits, especially if only the younger leaves are used. Foxglove – Young leaves have a softly serrated edge, and many soft hairs; So much that they feel velvety. Hi, I’m a little confused about my ‘Comfrey’ plant. Only pick from white flowered Comfrey, see below. Collecting . You'll find both in herb gardens and in some flower beds. Comfrey is especially useful in the external treatment of cuts, bruises, sprains, sores, eczema, varicose veins, broken bones etc, internally it is used in the treatment of a wide range of pulmonary complaints, internal bleeding etc. Comfrey plants are members of the Symphytum genus, a group of about 35 species of flowering perennials. There are up to 35 species, kn… The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of ... Symphytum asperum prickly comfrey Symphytum officinale common comfrey Symphytum tuberosum tuberous comfrey Symphytum ×uplandicum [asperum × officinale] comfrey Legal … It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Jun to July. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Symphytum officinale for blunt injuries. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. 18% also grow it as an ornamental – there are many different varieties available with different flower colours and variegated forms. It begins growing its oval leaves in a basal rosette during spring. comfrey plant (on the right) with buds before it bloomed, green alkanet on the left, also a bit on the right with blue flowers. Its leaves are full of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium - all nutrients needed by growing plants. Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is a perennial herb in the Borage family native to Europe and now found growing wild throughout America. Photo by Krzysztof Ziarnek. The stamens provide diagnostic characteristics. When number of flowers per floral unit, flower abundance, and phenology were taken into account it was the only member of the top 10 list for that measurement that also placed in the top 10 list for most nectar per unit cover per year. Its Latin name, Symphytum, comes from Greek words meaning “growing together of bones” and “plant’”.Besides being used to mend broken bones it’s also used for healing wounds and lung ailments, stopping heavy … It may be full of minerals but it is not pleasant eating for most tastes. In early spring, the young leaves of both plants look very similar, however, there are key features to help with identification: Comfrey – Comfrey leaves have smooth, uninterrupted edges, and sparse, but bristly hairs. The flower color ranges from white or creamy yellow to rose, pin, or light to dark purple, and the corolla lobes are curved backward. Decorative varieties of comfrey. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. There are few national experts who have the necessary expertise to arrive at a precise identification … Common comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is an erect, stout, often branched perennial, 20 – 42 inches tall.
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