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Illustrating Penrose’s insight at the awards presentation in Stockholm, Ulf Danielsson of the Nobel Committee held a black ball the size of a grapefruit in one hand and pointed at it with the finger of his other hand. 2020 Nobel Prize Winners: Full List. The Nobel committee praised them for “the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy.” In the 1970s and ’80s, researcher Lee Hood, who was working at Caltech at the time, and his colleagues developed machines to sequence and synthesize proteins and DNA. He remains the youngest recipient of the Physics Prize. Published online October 6, 2020. There can be a number of possibilities of nominated personalities but here are some predictions for the Physics Noble Prize-2020 which are drawn from the available resources in … The prize recipients helped change our view of the most mysterious cosmic beings in … This year’s prize went to Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel & Andrea Ghez. The Nobel Prize in physics. "I … Thr prize money, 10 million Swedish kronor, will also be divided, with one half to Penrose and the other half jointly to Genzel and Ghez. No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. RESEARCH THAT WON THE NOBEL. Dr. Penrose was awarded ½ the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics for “the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity.” To understand Penrose’s contributions, we must first understand the state of black hole science in the early 1960s. Physics is the second of this year’s crop of Nobels to be awarded, after three scientists won the medicine prize on Monday for their discovery of Hepatitis C. The Nobel prizes were created in the will of Swedish dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel and have been awarded since 1901. The Nobel committee praised them for “the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy.” The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section. This year’s prize is awarded to Roger Penrose (University of … This year’s awards are taking place under the long shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic that has curtailed much of the usual festivities surrounding the prizes. In 2020, the Nobel Prize in Physics was co-awarded to English mathematical physicist Roger Penrose, German astrophysicist, Reinhard Genzel and American astronomer, Andrea Ghez. The Nobel Prize, 2020 for Physics has been awarded to Andrea M Ghez, Roger Penrose and Reinhard Genzel for their research on black holes. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman“for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”, Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie “for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons”, Owen Willans Richardson “for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him”, Arthur Holly Compton “for his discovery of the effect named after him”, Charles Thomson Rees Wilson“for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour”, Jean Baptiste Perrin“for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium”, James Franck and Gustav Ludwig Hertz “for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom”, Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn “for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy”, Robert Andrews Millikan “for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect”, Niels Henrik David Bohr “for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them”, Albert Einstein “for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect”, Charles Edouard Guillaume “in recognition of the service he has rendered to precision measurements in Physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys”, Johannes Stark “for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields”, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck “in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta”, Charles Glover Barkla “for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements”, Sir William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg “for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays”, Max von Laue “for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals”, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes “for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium”, Nils Gustaf Dalén “for his invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys”, Wilhelm Wien “for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat”, Johannes Diderik van der Waals “for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids”, Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun “in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy”, Gabriel Lippmann “for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference”, Albert Abraham Michelson “for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid”, Joseph John Thomson “in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases”, Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard “for his work on cathode rays”, Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt) “for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies”, Antoine Henri Becquerel “in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity”, Pierre Curie and Marie Curie, née Sklodowska “in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel”, Hendrik Antoon Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman “in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena”, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen“in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him”, To cite this section

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