Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. In September 2005, this virus was identified by experts as a “newly emerging pathogen in the dog population” in the United States. You can’t catch the flu from your dog. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. These same protocols would be followed in the event of an outbreak of canine influenza with suspected human infections. However, for now, you can rest assured that no cases have been transmitted from dogs to humans. First, CDC continues to conduct year-round surveillance for seasonal and novel influenza A viruses and all human infections with novel influenza A viruses are fully investigated. The dog flu can be just as hard for your pet to go through as the human flu is for you. newly emerging pathogen in the dog population, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Florida, April 2015 Chicago H3N2 canine influenza outbreak, Update on Canine Influenza (Dog Flu) Outbreak Reported in Chicago Area, Influenza A Virus (H3N8) in Dogs with Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Influenza A Subtypes and Species Affected, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. These are called “canine influenza viruses.” No human infections with canine influenza have ever been reported. This is now considered a dog-specific, or canine, H3N8 virus. Both of these canine influenza viruses (H3N8 and H3N2), are now considered endemic in dogs in the United States. UK Approves Pfizer Vaccine, Is The US Next? Caring for a dog with the flu is similar to caring for a human who’s been infected: Plenty of liquids and rest are in order. This is highly unlikely since, according to the CDC, it would take a sizable cell mutation for a human infection from a dog CIV to infect you. No. Your veterinarian can tell you if testing is appropriate. Treatment largely consists of supportive care which helps to keep the dog hydrated and comfortable while its body then mounts an immune response to the infection to facilitate recovery. How to know if a dog has the flu. The percentage of dogs infected with this disease that die is very small. Where did canine influenza viruses come from and how long have they been around? Here's why claims about it triggering a human … WHAT IS DOG FLU? Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. "We now have H1N1, H3N2 and H3N8 in dogs. If your dog is exposed to the virus that causes dog flu, the chances of catching it are “close to 100%,” Crawford says. Like people, not all dogs experience symptoms, and, like humans, most dogs recover within a few weeks. CDC can require a veterinary examination at the owner’s expense for dogs that appear sick, or a necropsy (animal autopsy) for dogs that are dead upon arrival in the United States. Dogs can get the stomach flu in different ways than people. Researchers found flu strains can jump from pigs to dogs and could affect humans as they spend a lot of time with their pets. Can Dogs Catch The Flu From Humans? Most dogs recover within 2 to 3 weeks. Canine influenza A H3N2 viruses were first detected in dogs in South Korea in 2007, and also have been reported in dogs in China, Thailand, and Canada. This “dog flu” is an upper respiratory infection much like the one we experience. Multiple agencies may have regulatory authority over pets such as dogs and cats when they enter the United States. Canine influenza may be endemic in some regional dog populations of the United States. For everyone’s sake, still maintaining your pet’s good health and hygiene can go a long way in keeping both your family and your pet happy and healthy. Like human forms of influenza, dog flu is airborne. The severity of illness associated with canine flu in dogs can range from no signs to severe illness resulting in pneumonia and sometimes death. What is CDC doing about canine influenza? "If there is a lot of immunity against these viruses, they will represent less of a risk, but we now have one more host in which influenza virus is starting to have diverse … characteristics, creating diversity in a host which is in very close contact to humans," Garcia-Sastre said. There are no reported cases of humans getting the flu from an infected dog. Dogs with the flu may have cough, runny nose, fever, eye discharge and reduced appetite and playtime. Cats and dogs can suffer from colds and flu – just like humans; they experience sneezing, fatigue and a discharge from the nose and eyes. A dog passing their illnesses onto humans is comparatively rare but possible. They are starting to interact with each other. And while there is no indication the dog flu can cause human illness, dogs, as well as cats, can contract the human flu virus. Almost all dogs are susceptible to canine flu infection, and virus infection tends to spread among dogs housed in kennels and shelters. "The United States is free of avian influenza because every time avian influenza has been detected in poultry in this country, the chickens or turkeys are culled and eliminated from circulation," Garcia-Sastre explained in a news release. Severe illness is characterized by the onset of pneumonia. Scientists believe this virus jumped species (from horses to dogs) and has adapted to cause illness in dogs and spread among dogs, especially those housed in kennels and shelters. This season, the dog influenza virus has turned up everywhere from California to Washington to Pennsylvania and even in Canada, according to Newsweek. Vaccines to protect dogs against both H3N8 and H3N2 canine flu are available in the United States. This is related to the swine flu strain that infected humans in 2009. Symptoms of the dog flu are similar to those we humans know so well. Because of the lack of previous exposure to this virus, dogs have no natural immunity to it. H3N2 canine influenza viruses were first detected in the United States in April 2015, and has now been found in more than 30 states. Though dogs don’t have any natural immunity to the bug, the good news is that most pups who contract the flu will usually only have a mild version. "The diversity in dogs has increased so much now that the type of combinations of viruses that can be created in dogs represent potential risk for a virus to jump to a dog into a human. Scientists fear … To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. Dogs can’t get the human flu, nor carry it to others. Gastroenteritis in dogs refers to an inflammation or irritation of the stomach and intestines. Your veterinarian can provide additional information about these vaccines and whether you should consider vaccinating your dog. Dogs also can’t get the same type of flu as humans, but they can get canine flu. Because the influenza virus mutates rapidly, it is certainly within the realm of possibility that, someday, a strain of flu that spreads between humans and dogs will evolve. While some dogs become very ill with dog flu, others can be exposed to the virus and fight off infection without ever getting sick. While it's a flu strain that's different than the one affecting humans (and there are no known cases of transmission), it's just as dangerous and even more contagious among dogs. There are two different influenza A dog flu viruses: one is an H3N8 virus and the other is an H3N2 virus. For dogs, this is an almost purely respiratory illness (unlike human versions which can include the stomach flu). This season, the dog influenza virus has turned up everywhere from California to Washington to Pennsylvania and even in Canada, according to Newsweek. And while there is no indication the dog flu can cause human illness, dogs, as well as cats, can contract the human flu virus. Canine influenza H3N8 viruses originated in horses, spread to dogs, and can now spread between dogs. To prevent the pets from contracting the flu, it is necessary to keep them away from sick dogs. Canine influenza (also known as dog flu) is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. An investigation showed that this respiratory illness was caused by equine influenza A(H3N8) viruses. There are two strains of the virus that causes dog flu (Influenza Type A): H3N8 and H3N2. Canine influenza (also known as dog flu) is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. Some dogs have asymptomatic infections (no signs of illness), while some have severe illness with infection. Canine Influenza (also known as the dog flu) Leptospirosis; Lyme vaccine; The Dog Flu Vaccine (or Canine Influenza) is indeed in the top 8 vaccines (lower half “non-core”) recommended by a trusted task force that has the purpose of sharing vaccination recommendations in both the United States and in Canada. The findings, published June 5 in the journal mBio, highlights the need to take steps to limit the circulation of flu viruses in dogs. In this study, we identified influenza viruses jumping from pigs into dogs," study author Adolfo Garcia-Sastre said. Testing to confirm H3N8 and H3N2 canine influenza virus infection in dogs is available. Not all dogs experience symptoms, and, most of them recover within a few weeks. These viruses are different from those that cause the flu in humans. Your dog may experience the following: sneezing , runny nose, coughing, lethargy, lack of appetite and fever. Human flu can spread to pigs and birds and vice versa. However, if left untreated, it can develop into pneumonia and at that point, can become dangerous. What are signs of canine influenza in dogs? Canine influenza A(H3N2) viruses are different from seasonal influenza A(H3N2) viruses that spread annually in people. Main differences of the illness between the two parties are: Parvovirus is one stomach bug that causes extreme illness and even death in dogs, but does not infected humans The dog flu can be just as hard for your pet to go through as the human flu is for you. It has now been detected in dogs across much of the United States. It is a disease with a high morbid Anyone with concerns about their pet’s health, or whose pet is showing signs of canine influenza, should contact their veterinarian. The dog flu, also known as canine influenza, is a respiratory infection like the human condition. Canine influenza is influenza occurring in canine animals. The signs of this illness in dogs are cough, runny nose, fever, lethargy, eye discharge, and reduced appetite, but not all dogs will show signs of illness. There are many possible causes of gastrointestinal upset in dogs, including viruses, cancer, or simply ingesting something that disagrees with the digestive system. To date, there is no evidence of spread of canine influenza viruses from dogs to people and there has not been a single reported case of human infection with a canine influenza virus in the U.S. or worldwide. Respiratory secretions escape into the environment in the form of coughing, barking, and sneezing, … Therefore, the disease is rapidly transmitted between individual dogs. These viruses are different from those that cause the flu in humans. Move their bed into a quiet place such as a spare room so your dog will be able to enjoy peace and quiet all day long. While it's a flu strain that's different than the one affecting humans (and there are no known cases of transmission), it's just as dangerous and even more contagious among dogs. However, CDC is doing a number of things to be prepared in the unlikely event that canine influenza becomes a threat to humans or to animals other than canines. Human touch: hands of pet owners, veterinary clinic staff or shelter workers; Prevention Keeps Them Safe. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. The usual symptoms of gastroenteritis in dogs include vomiting and diarrhea, though a range of other digestion-related symptoms may also occur. To date, the H3N2 canine viruses reported in the U.S. have been almost genetically identical to canine H3N2 viruses previously reported only in Asia. No, Killer Dog Flu Isn't the Next Human Pandemic A study about a new strain of canine influenza made waves this week. The symptoms are similar to what we see when we get the flu. Third, CDC conducted a risk assessment on the pandemic potential of canine H3N2 viruses using the Influenza Risk Assessment Tool, and found it to be low risk. In fact, there are two specific types of flu viruses that can cause the flu, or canine influenza, in dogs. Exclusive Q and A with IBT's Social Capital team. Both primarily infect the respiratory system and are extremely contagious. Therefore, dog owners whose dogs are coughing or showing other signs of respiratory disease should not expose their dog to other dogs or to cats. They do have their own contagious respiratory disease called Canine Influenza. Canine Influenza. No, Killer Dog Flu Isn't the Next Human Pandemic A study about a new strain of canine influenza made waves this week. Vaccines now are given to dogs at a higher risk of catching the flu, such as dogs that go to kennels and dog shows. Second, CDC and USDA APHIS VS have existing collaborative protocols to work together in the event of outbreaks of novel influenza A viruses. CDC twenty four seven. Pet owners should distance themselves from their pets when sick, Glaser recommended. Here's why claims about it triggering a human … Five years ago, researchers identified a bird-origin flu virus circulating in farm dogs in China. However, some dogs may develop secondary bacterial infections which may lead to more severe illness and pneumonia. The 1918 flu caused an abnormally high number of deaths, possibly due to it provoking a cytokine storm in the body. Pet owners should distance themselves from their pets when sick, Glaser recommended. As in humans, these may cause diarrhea in cats and dogs, or they may have no symptoms. DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. The symptoms are relatively similar to flu in humans but have a different cause. Can Dogs Transfer the Flu Virus to Humans? Research has also shown that dogs may be infected with norovirus (a cause of human stomach flu) in households where their human companions have had norovirus, and the dog may have symptoms. Fluids are also pivotal to a dog … In general, canine influenza viruses are thought to pose a low threat to people. "If you have the flu, don't kiss your dog," she said. Canine flu is thought to spread mainly among dogs through respiratory droplets produced during coughing and sneezing from infected dogs, or through contact with contaminated surfaces. How does the issue of canine influenza apply to dogs imported into the US from other countries? This is very reminiscent of what happened in swine 10 years before the H1N1 pandemic," Garcia-Sastre said. Can Dogs Transfer the Flu Virus to Humans? Warning signs that your pet might be sick with influenza are similar to human symptoms : June 2018: A new strain was detected (H1N1) in dogs in China (no cases in the U.S. detected). More information on canine influenza in pet dogs can be found at the following links: To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A kennel cough is the most obvious example of this, as this condition spreads around dogs as quickly, easily and ruthlessly as the common cold does among humans. CDC works closely with other federal agencies to protect U.S. borders against diseases in humans that are carried by animals and animal products. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. The flu is spread amongst dogs, so your dog … Can canine influenza viruses infect people? In 2004, cases of an unknown respiratory illness in dogs (initially greyhounds) were reported in the United States. Additionally, at this time there is no evidence that canine influenza affects humans nor that it has pandemic potential. Warning signs that your pet might be sick with influenza are similar to human symptoms : In the milder form of the disease, this care may include medication to make your dog be more comfortable and fluids to ensure that your dog remains well-hydrated. Because the causes of gastr… Like when the H1N1 flu virus jumped from swine to humans in 2009, sparking the influenza pandemic that killed an estimated 150,000 to 600,000 people, from 2009 to 2010, and a few cats, as well. Transmission of H3N2 canine influenza viruses to cats from infected dogs has been reported also. It was one of the deadliest pandemics in human history.. Scientists … Influenza affecting dogs are different from the human strains and when these new strains jump to humans, the immune systems — which have no experience of these unknown pathogens — fail to protect the body. Human touch: hands of pet owners, veterinary clinic staff or shelter workers; Prevention Keeps Them Safe. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) has animal health requirementsExternal related to bringing (importing) a pet dog to the United States from a foreign country. Canine influenza H3N2 viruses originated in birds, spread to dogs, and can now spread between dogs. ", Man Shoots Neighbors, Self Over Dog Poop Dispute, Husky Kills Nearly 30 Animals, Owner Faces Charges, Why 2021 Might Be The Year To Sell Your Home. No. About 2-3 days after infection, your dog will develop a persistent cough, … A dog passing their sickness onto their pooch playmates, however, is very, very common. It is extremely infectious between dogs, but there is no evidence that dogs can give it to people or cats, or indeed that the human flu virus can be passed to dogs. Human infection with a novel influenza A virus of animal origin is reportable to CDC; no human infections with canine influenza viruses have been reported to date. The strain of flu virus that causes infection in dogs is a mutated horse virus. Where can I find more information on canine influenza viruses? Vaccines now are given to dogs at a higher risk of catching the flu, such as dogs that go to kennels and dog shows.
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