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Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on October 05, 2012: Liked your original artwork at the end of the hub. 4 Read the date. Stacy Harris from Hemet, Ca on May 09, 2012: I am so glad that our calendars that we have today are so much easier... and lighter... than the Aztec Calendar. (12 x 144,00) + (19 x 7,200) + (19 x 360) + (6 x 20) + (13 x 1) = 1,871,823 days since the beginning of the current long count calendar. Do you know what your Aztec Zodiac sign is? L. Cargill, Medical Laboratory Scientist, ASCP. Seemed very fitting. Kelly Umphenour from St. Louis, MO on August 21, 2012: Very cool info! That's a lot of math. The Aztecs studied the sun and stars and developed mythology surrounding the Ages of the Earth, or the four Epochs of destruction of the earth. It also contains a hieroglyphic and pictographic layout of how the Aztecs measured time. Ha! Now if I were only younger... Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on October 06, 2012: Being clever seemed to serve them well for many years! There are currently two leading interpretations: While some historians argue that it is a temalácatl (a cylinder used in gladiator-like confrontations), others consider the stone to have acted as a cuauhxicalli (sacrificial container), commonly used by Mexicas to place the hearts offered to the gods. I'm glad that a part of their culture and beliefs still remain. The Aztec Calendar Stone is a symbolic portrayal of the four disasters that led to the demise of the four prior Universes in Aztec cosmology. A calendar makes it potential to do that. A particular day, month, and year can be expressed as a Long Count date using baktun, katun, tun, uinal, and k’in units of time together with a Haab and a Tzolk’in calendar dates. The Aztec Calendar. United Kingdom on May 09, 2012: It is good to see someone who is highlighting some of the positives about the Aztecs. They instead used the Nahuatl term mexicatl, or "Mexica.". In fact, they borrowed it for themselves. They are followed by a nocturnal band sculpted singing. The former is the agricultural cycle based on the … The calendar represents the solar year, 365 days; and the worship year, 260 days. A typical date such as, May 8, 2012, is expressed in the long count calendar as: So the date, May 8, 2012, is calculated as: Whew! Question: How can a person read an Aztec calendar? drbj and sherry from south Florida on May 09, 2012: Hi, Lela, I would go so far as to call the gigantic Aztec Sun Stone one of the Wonders of the World. It grew into one of the all-time greatest civilizations over a period of thee-hundred years. The first sun consisted of an age of giants. The ritual cycle, or tonalpohualli, contained two smaller cycles, an ordered sequence of 20 named days and a sequence of days numbered from 1 to 13. The second sun was an agricultural age when mankind learned to farm and work the Earth. diogenes from UK and Mexico on May 09, 2012: I knew it had been lost and found, but hadn't known how long ago it was dug up. The Aztec sun stone, also called the calendar stone, is on display at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. If true, it certainly would mean the monolith was never meant as an actual calendar. straight line running from a distant past to an infinite future but not so for the Aztecs Such a calendar allows them to mark important small enterprise events, meetings, and other business-related pursuits. If you were an Aztec you would read the picture as a hummingbird on a blue background. The calendar is a vital portion of the parenting plan. There is a division between the goddesses and the gods, that gives a special meaning to every single day of the Aztec calendar. In the modern world we tend to relate the passing of time to movement along a straight line (look at history timelines in our classrooms!) The Museo Nacional de Antropología, or The National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, is the current home of the Aztec Calendar stone. The researcher interprets each of the concentric circles as follows: 1. That's a wonderful museum that houses it. "Tonatiuh's face occupies the smallest circle in the carving: it's the midday's Sun, since the curved lines along the eyes and the tubular nose point to an ascending feature, while the emaciated mouth and the knife-tongue point to a descending one."2. They were smart and strong and industrious. The four knots tied into the tail of the outer fire serpents represent a count of years. Aztec Reading Comprehension Worksheets Related Standards: RI.6-8.1 & RH.6-8.8. This epoch ended when hurricanes and floods swept the Earth. For the people of ancient Maya, calendars were just as important to daily life as they are to people today. The translation is - The Great and Venerable Mechanism of the Universe. What I enjoyed about your hub was the Epochs of the Earth according to the Aztecs. In an Aztec 52 year cycle there were four counts of thirteen years each. The symbols for the days are found throughout the third circle. The Haab calendar consisted of 18 months with 20 days in each month and an extra 5 days at the end of the Haab. I think it's a bit technical and still hard to understand, but I tried to explain things in a logical manner. The Aztec calendar is the calendar system that was used by the Aztecs as well as other Pre-Columbian peoples of central Mexico. symbols Aztec Calendar Summary. So the four knots equal a total sacred count of 52 years. The Mayan calendar is widespread and is used on a daily basis by farmers, traders and priests. xochitl – flower. The how to read aztec calendar is the easiest reminder. The Aztec Calendar, also known as the Sun Stone, is a monumental sculpture which weighs a mammoth 24,590kg and slightly over 3ft thick. I used my computer's calculator to work this out, so if you spot an error, let me know below in the comments section. They had two separate calendars: a solar calendar and a sacred calendar. One calendar, called the xiuhpohualli, has 365 days. The Julian calendar day of May 8, 2012 is expressed as 2,456,055.5 for comparison. 3 Assign a symbol. The Aztec calendar is also called by name of Tonalpohualli. They replace the Mayan glyphs with Aztec glyph equivalents. The Aztec calendar has a 260 days. The third sun was the heyday of the Aztec pyramid construction and when the temples and observatories were first put in place. In the worship calendar, each god … The calendar consists of a 365-day calendar cycle called xiuhpōhualli and a 260-day ritual cycle called tōnalpōhualli. Further reading. A good explanation of Aztec calendar wheels can be found here. A big Thumbs up and definitely shared with others! Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on August 21, 2012: I have always found that the notion of sacrificing virgins was a hoax for sure. James Clark from Ayr on November 14, 2012: Great hub. Aztec Calendar signs: Aztecs used many interesting signs to denote different days. Some say its burial was deliberate and some say that it was an accident. Surrounding the center face of the stone are the glyphs of the four past suns. Through Spanish usage, the 20 day period of the Aztec calendar has become commonly known as … taazakhabar from New Delhi, India on August 12, 2012: Thanks for sharing this really interesting and wonderful information. Aztec Calendar(s) We have a lot to learn from the ancient Mexicans about time – its measurement, its management and its meaning. How to Read an Aztec Calendar 1 Reading the Ritual Calendar. In Nahuátl, the Aztec Sun Stone is called Teoilhuicatlapaluaztli-Ollin Tonalmachiotl. Read more about the so-called Aztec calendar stone here. Answer: You will need to know what all the pictograms stand for. Your students will learn over 30 specific details, how to read the Aztec Calendar, and the dimensions of the most popular Mesoamerican image. Christopher Antony Meade from Gillingham Kent. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on October 06, 2012: Mexico City is beautiful, but so huge! Heck, I wonder about it daily! The other calendar has 260 days. from Aztecs; 750L - 890L. The media hype and hysteria that ensued was later termed the 2012 phenomenon.Of course, the predictions did not come true—just like hundreds of other doomsday prophecies that fizzled out in the past. There is not just one Aztec calendar, there are two more or less independent systems. The seven stars may represent the Pleiades constellation. The Aztecs were the last of the great cultures of Mesoamerica before the European conquests. My parents had a beautiful Aztec calendar hanging on the wall in our living room while I was a teenager. Assign a symbol (day-sign, glyph) dedicated to a god to each of the 20 cycles. *The previous description belongs to Leonardo López Luján and is included in the Catálogo esencial del Museo Nacional de Antropología: 100 Obras," edited by Artes de México and the National Institute of History and Anthropology (INAH) in 2011. If I go back over it, I'm sure I'll spot something amiss. The Aztec calendar "As Is" Mazatzin's website is: http://azteknology.com/ Thank you for your research on this and for sharing. Write for us!If you wish your stories to be published on our site, click on this link and learn how you can become a writer for Cultura Colectiva! Each month had 13 days which equaled the Aztec year of 260 days. The Aztec Sun Stone was not used as a calendar per se, it was a representation of the gods of the Aztecs as they pertained to daily life. Enjoy! So stylized and colorful. They really were not any worse than the Romans, who get off much more lightly from historians. The colour blue is synonymous with the sun and, therefore, the sun god Huitzilopochtli, whose name was Left Hand Hummingbird. The great stone carving weighs an astounding twenty six tons! Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on January 04, 2013: Thanks, Lisa. You will have to have the rotations set up right. And right - they HAD to sacrifice an occasional person that doesn't make them bad:) lol. As Tenochtítlan was an island built into a shallow lake bed, the only access was by boat or over the causeways. The Haab calendar was simply a daily calendar that repeated every year. This ring encompasses the four earlier faces. You will have to have all 3 calendars. Like the Mayan calendar, the Aztec calendar consisted of a ritual cycle of 260 days and a 365-day civil cycle. They were marvellous people. Question: How does one use an Aztec calendar? The Mayan calendar is an ancient calendar system that rose to fame in 2012, when a “Great Cycle” of its Long Count component came to an end, inspiring some to believe that the world would end at 11:11 UTC on December 21, 2012. Nowadays you’ve got sufficient reasons to make a calendar on your own. They continued the traditions of the first of the Mesoamericans who looked into the heavens for ways to live in the good graces of their gods and the universe around them.The Aztec people were an agricultural people that equated religion to survival. If you had asked me, I would have said the last century. The age ended with the Earth opening up and spewing fire and volcanic eruptions. The Tzolkin calendar had 20 months of 13 days each and the year equaled 260 days. Your students will learn over 30 specific details, how to read the Aztec Calendar, and the dimensions of the most popular Mesoamerican image. These two cycles together form a 52-year "century", sometimes called the "calendar round". Instead, it features several symbols that represent the Mexicas' conception of time and space.Â. Use this interactive tool to convert Gregorian calendar dates into the Maya calendar system. The Aztec word for moon is metzli but whatever name that was used for these periods is unknown. They were the early forms of mankind and they lived in caves. It describes the days and rituals related to the seasons, and therefor might be called the agricultural year or the solar year. 3. The current sun age belief is that it will end by great earthquakes that shake the world. The xiuhpōhualli is considered to be the agricultural calendar, since it is based on the sun, and the tōnalpōhualli is considered to be the sacred calendar. Find the meaning of each day in the Tzolk’in calendar system here. Keep reading to find out how to read the famous so-called Aztec Sun Stone, according to one of Mexico's leading experts. The outer ring of the stone is carved with two Fire Serpents representing the sun and stars. The calendar stone must be one of the greatest works of art in the world. This region lies in between Mexico and South America and was home to many other cultures, including the Aztec, Olmec, Teotihuacan and Toltec. I really didn't understand what it was until later when I was an adult. {% $moment(article.publishedAt).format('LL') %}. Here you can see the names of the various symbols. How to read the symbols on the Aztec Calendar: According to Tomás J. Filsinger, author of The Aztec Cosmos, ©1984 , the following information is a guide to the Sun Stone: The Aztecs used the same calendar that the Maya use. That stone calendar is a thing of beauty! This is currently the strongest theory, backed by López Luján. Aztec priests and leaders researched movements of the sun and planets in the sky. I missed the course taught by my favorite professor on Mayan and Aztec religions and have always regretted it. Perhaps some Aztecs and Mayans still recognize the old naming conventions of the old calendar, but the Julian calendar is used today. I would really like to see Tenochtitlan and the Museum you mention. Read on to discover more about this mysterious stone, and why it may not be all it seems. Aztec Calendar - Infographic - 1 pageOne-page infographic exquisitely details the Aztec Calendar Stone. The stone has both mythological and astronomical significance. The months and days were two cogs that meshed together to keep the count straight. Because of its location, size and weight, this is probably a permanent residence. Aztec Astrology. "The Sun Stone summarizes the conceptions of time and space the Mexicas held in its concentric structure. quiauitl – rain. The Aztec Calendar Handbook, involving thousands of man-hours of effort to create, takes a blueprint style approach to a Historical Reference primer. I love all things Indian, Mayan, Aztec..whatever. Answer: That link moved, so I removed it. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on October 05, 2012: I don't dare challenge my own math :-) I had to do these calculations about 20 times before I thought it might be right. Even though the Sun Stone is commonly regarded as a calendar, for it's a way to keep time according to Mexica standards, this monolith (which weighs over 24 pounds) is a huge question mark even to this day. I appreciate the art of the ancient ones. They have always had a rather "bad press" because of human sacrifice etc. Is it a calendar, an astronomical register, or is it something else? It was buried face down near the center of what was once Tenochtítlan. I have trouble enough reading our own calendar! This circle is enclosed by two giant fire serpents that descent towards the west from the date 13-Cane and the birth of the Fifth Sun. This Aztec calendar had two parts: one reserved for the calculation of religious festivals and the other one for the calculation of ordinary days. The Aztec glyphs contained in the ring around the four past suns represent the 20 months of the year. It was used as a civil calendar to keep track of planting seasons and holidays and the like. The discovery of the Aztec Calendar, Casasola Archive, 1913. : 4-Rabbit), with the latter changing as the calendar rotated. The first number, 12 equals the baktun (144,000 day count) or 12 x 144,000 days since the beginning of the current long count (, The second number, 19 equals the katun (7,200 day count) and an addition of 19 x 7,200 days, The third number, 19 equals the tun (360 day count) and an addition of 19 x 360 days, The fourth number, 6 equals the uinal (20 day count) and an addition of 6 x 20 days, The fifth number, 13 equals the kin (one day count) and an addition of 13 x 1 days. Answer Keys Here. Do a Google search for " mayan calendar converter". Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on September 26, 2012: I just re-read the whole thing. But the Aztecs also had another calendar (different from the Sun Stone) that represented the solar year of 365 days by dividing the year into eighteen months of 20 days each. It is one of the Mesoamerican calendars, sharing the basic structure of calendars from throughout ancient Mesoamerica. The calendars are offered on this page alongside hyperlinks to download them. Most of these signs made use of animal symbolism. During the invasion and conquest by the Spaniards in 1521, the huge Sun Stone was lost over one of the causeways connecting to Tenochtítlan, the center of Aztec rule. Designate a number from 1 to 13 for each day in the trecena. Question: Where is the article to figure dates out from the Aztec calendar? There are seven Aztec star glyphs in the headdresses of the two heads meeting at the bottom of the outer ring. I am another person who won't challenge your computations. The Maya (often mistakenly called the "Mayan") calendar received a great deal of publicity as the year 2012 drew to a close, resulting from claims that it predicted the world would end on December 21 of that year.However, the Maya calendar called for only an end to that particular calendar cycle and the start of a new one. Liz Rayen from California on January 04, 2013: I really liked this hub. Would you agree? The 20-day group ran simultaneously with another group of 13 numbered days (perhaps not coincidentally the Aztec heaven had 13 layers). The first sun ended when jaguars ate all of the men (according to Aztec mythology). Aztec Calendar - Infographic - 1 pageOne-page infographic exquisitely details the Aztec Calendar Stone. The first number, 12 equals the baktun (144,000 day count) or 12 x 144,000 days since the beginning of the current long count ( The second number, 19 equals the katun (7,200 day count) and an addition of … Rebecca Pasternak from Evanston, Illinois on November 09, 2012: This hub is fascinating - and quite timely for any doomsdayers! It is reputed to be wonderful. This equaled to our solar calendar of 365 days. The Mayan calendar has a similar configuration and the same 20-days period which they labeled uinal. Aztec calendar, dating system based on the Mayan calendar and used in the Valley of Mexico before the destruction of the Aztec empire. I doubt they were virgins after the "priests" got them ready for sacrifice. "The next circle is occupied by the date 4-Movement, which names the current era and encompasses the previous four (4-Wind, 4-Jaguar, 4-Fire Rain, and 4-Water) along with a pair of claws that are meant to entrap hearts.Â. To the Aztecs it truly was the Great and Venerable Mechanism of the Universe. Those Aztecs were a lot smarter than me, that's for sure. Locals didn't call themselves aztecatl, or "Aztecs," of course. How to Read an Aztec Calendar. Instead, it features several symbols that represent the Mexicas' conception of time and space. At 26 tons, it is automatically a great work of art! The Aztec calendar is different from the modern calendar in many ways. The Aztecs and Mayans used three calendars, one called the long count calendar; one called the Haab, or civil/daily calendar; and one called the Tzolkin, which was the religious calendar. I consider it a dangerous city and would not go there without escorts. This page also gives information about the ancient Mayan calendar. People who could read this sign would identify the humming bird and the blue background with Huiztilopochtli. You can use the link in this article to find the Aztec or Mayan equivalent of today's date or any other date. The fourth circle is a solar disk alternating depictions of lighting and jade beads, plus symbols representing years, feathers, and precious water.5. On December 17, 1790 the Aztec Sun Stone was found during an excavation near Mexico City's main plaza. This epoch supposedly ended with a world wide flood. Interesting hub and I won't even try to recheck your calculations! Most information on this website refers to the tonalpohu… The Aztec calendar divides the days between the different gods and events. It's probably in the top 10 anyway. The Aztecs were beautiful people. It consists of a 365 day calendar called the Xiuhpohualli and a 260 day ritual cycle called the Tonapohualli. A colorized version of the Aztec calendar sun stone, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license Wikimedia Commons. The Aztecs used a calendar of images to represent two activities during their year. The current sun, called the fifth sun, surrounds the four inner suns or ages which surround the center face. This meant that each day had both a name and a number (e.g. I always had a fascination for it and it really intrigued me. This date would be 2,456,055.5 days since the beginning of the Julian calendar. Here I am in the amazing National Museum in Mexico City next to the world famous Aztec calendar stone. I would love to visit that anthropological museum in Mexico City someday to see this calendar and many other things. Answer: The Aztec calendar is not in use today except by scientists, archeologists, and paleontologists. A meeting calendar is perfect for you. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on May 09, 2012: Oh definitely, drbj. I wouldn't be surprised if I made an error somewhere. They follo… "Everything points to the Sun Stone, wrongly known as the Aztec Calendar, being carved at the beginning of the 16th century from a block found on the San Ángel scree or on the area around Mizquic," says López Luján when specifying the origins of the most famous piece in Mexican iconography.Â, Though the term "Aztec" comes from the Nahuatl (the language of that civilization) term aztecatl, and is a demonym for Aztlan—the mythical place from where Mexicas descended towards the south to found the city of Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire—, it was used by the Spanish conquistadors to refer to all inhabitants of the Valley of Mexico. Like the Mayan calendar, the Aztec calendar consisted of a ritual cycle of 260 days and a 365-day civil cycle. One of the days, for instance, was marked by Crocodile, another by the Serpent, yet others were denoted by Rabbit, Dog, Monkey, Jaguar and a whole range of other animals.

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